This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(C. tiliifblia, Koch. C. acerifolia, Hort. C. coccinea variety mollis, Torr. & Gray). Tree, to 30 ft., with short, stout thorns: leaves broadly ovate, sharply and doubly serrate and with 4-5 pairs of short acute lobes, densely pubescent beneath, 3-4 in. long: corymbs densely villous-pubescent; flowers with red disk: fruit about 1/2in. across, usually pear-shaped, scarlet, more or less pubescent, with thick mealy flesh and 4-5 stones. April, May: fruit end of Aug., Sept. Ohio to S. Dak. and Kans. S.S. 13:659. Em. 494 (as C. tomentosa). G.F. 5:221. - One of the most decorative species, with large, bright green foliage and showy flowers and fruits, ripening in Sept., but dropping soon after maturity.
Tree, to 20 ft.: branches wide-spreading, forming an irregular open head, unarmed or with straight spines 1/3-1/2in. long: leaves oval or oblong-ovate, acute, truncate or broadly cuneate at the base, serrate and with 3-4 pairs of short lobes, pubescent on both sides at first, at maturity dull dark green and glabrous above, villous on the veins below, 2-3 in. long: corymbs villous; flowers nearly 1 in. across: fruit ovoid, bright crimson, slightly villous at the ends, 3/4-l in. long, with thick subacid flesh and usually 5 stones.
Fig. 1098. Cratsegus Arnoldiana (X 2/3). No. 3.
May; fruit end of Oct., falling gradually. Ark. S.S. 13:660. - Very handsome in autumn with its abundant brilliant fruits persistent for some time; the leaves turn clear yellow.
Fig. 1098. Tree, to 20 ft., with stout ascending branches forming an open head with zigzag branchlets, armed with stout spines 2-3 in. long: leaves broadly ovate to oval, acute, truncate to broadly cuneate at the base, doubly serrate and with many shallow broad lobes, at first hairy above and soft-pubescent below; later smooth, dark green and lustrous above, slightly villous on the veins below, 2-3 in. long: corymbs tomentose; flowers 3/4in. across: fruit subglobose, bright crimson, villous toward the ends, 3/4in. long, with thick subacid flesh and 3-4 stones. May; fruit middle of Aug., soon falling. Mass. S.S. 13:668.
Tree, to 25 ft., with ascending or spreading branches forming a broad handsome head: spines numerous, thin, usually straight, 2-3 in. long: leaves ovate, acute, broadly cuneate at the base, doubly serrate and with 3-4 pairs of acute short lobes, scabrous above, below at first soft-pubescent, later only puberu-lous on the veins, 2-3 in. long: corymbs tomentose; flowers 1 in. across: fruit pear-shaped or ovoid, bright orange-red and lustrous, 3/4in. long with persistent erect calyx; flesh yellow, mealy; stones usually 5. May; fruit early in Sept., soon falling. Que. to Mass. and E. N. Y. S.S. 4:182 (as C. mollis).
Tree, sometimes to 20 ft., with stout ascending branches forming a broad symmetrical head, and with zigzag branchlets: leaves oval, acute, rounded or broadly cuneate at the base, coarsely and often doubly serrate with many short acute lobes, at first hairy above and villous below on the veins, later scabrous and light green above, nearly glabrous below, 2 1/2-3 1/2 in. long: corymbs densely villous; pedicels short; flowers 1 in. across: fruit ovoid, bright crimson, very lustrous, slightly villous at the ends, 1 in. long, with thin yellow acid flesh and 3-5 nutlets. May; fruit at the end of Sept., soon falling. N. Y. and Ont. to Mich., south to W. Pa. S.S. 13:671. G.C. III. 47:130. A.F. 24:325. F.E. 33:488.
(C. spissiflora, Sarg.) Shrub, with numerous erect stems, to 12 ft., or occasionally small tree, to 20 ft.: spines few, stout, 1-1 1/2 in- long: leaves oblong-ovate, acute, or acuminate, rounded or broadly cuneate at the base, sharply doubly serrate with many broad acute lobes, pubescent below on the veins while young, glabrous at maturity, scabrate above, 2-3 in. long: corymbs pubescent, 4-6-flowered, compact; calyx villous, lobes glabrous outside: fruit ovoid, scarlet, 3/4in. long, with small calyx; flesh thin, mealy; stones 4-5. May: fruit Sept., soon falling. N. Y. to S. Ont. - This species was formerly sold by Ellwanger & Barry under the name C. coccinea.
Shrub or tree, to 20 ft.: branches spreading with numerous stout straight spines: leaves elliptic or ovate, acute, usually broadly cuneate at the base, irregularly and often doubly serrate, with 3-4 pairs of short acute lobes, red when unfolding, later dark bluish green above, paler below, glabrous, 1-2 in. long: corymbs rather few-flowered; flowers slender-pedicelled, 3/4-1 in. across; stamens 20; anthers pinkish: fruit subglobose, apple-green and glaucous until nearly fully ripe, finely dark purple with yellow sweet flesh and 5 stones: calyx prominent with a well-developed tube. May; fruit Oct. Vt. to Va., and 111. S.S. 13:648.
8. Barryana, Sarg. Shrub, to 15 ft.: branches spreading or ascending with slender spines: leaves broadly ovate, rounded or abruptly cuneate at the base, sharply doubly serrate and slightly lobed, scabrate above, glabrous and glaucous below, 2-3 in. long: corymbs glabrous; calyx-lobes entire or sparingly dentate; flowers 3/4in. across; stamens 7-10, with purple anthers: fruit obovoid, crimson with small pale dots, pruinose, 3/4in. long, with usually 3 nutlets. May; fruit in Oct. W. N. Y.
Fig. 1099. Tree, sometimes 20 ft.: branches stout, spreading, forming a broad handsome head: spines thick, l1/2 - 2 in. long: leaves broadly ovate, acute, rounded or truncate at the base, doubly serrate, with several pairs of broad acute lobes, at first yellowish green and lustrous above, villous on the veins beneath, later dull dark green above, paler and nearly glabrous beneath, 2-3 in. long: flowers 3/4in. across, in compact 5-7-flowered, sometimes slightly villous corymbs: fruit subglobose, dark crimson and lustrous, 3/4in. across, with thick subacid reddish flesh and 4-5 stones. May; fruit early in Oct. and falling gradually. Mo., Ind., and Kans. S.S. 13:674. M.D.G. 190i: 358, 359. - Very handsome small tree, the foliage tinged red when unfolding and turning scarlet and orange in autumn.
Fig. 1099. Crataegus coccinioides (X 2/3). No. 9.
Shrub, to 15 ft., usually with many stems: spines numerous, 1-2 in. long: leaves ovate, acute or acuminate, rounded or subcordate at the base, doubly serrate and with 4-5 pairs of broad and short. acute lobes, tinged red when unfolding and nearly glabrous, at maturity thick, dark green and lustrous above, paler below and quite glabrous, 2-3 in. long: corymbs glabrous, 5-8-flowered; flowers 1. in. across: fruit depressed-globose, bright crimson and lustrous, nearly 1 in. broad, with thin yellow flesh and 5 stones. May; fruit the middle of Sept., soon falling. Mo. S.T.S. 1:33.~ Very handsome with its lustrous leaves, large flowers and brilliant fruit