This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(after Cratevas, an obscure writer on medicinal plants, not, as sometimes stated, at the time of Hippocrates, but at the beginning of the first century B. C., since he named a plant after Mithridates). Cap-pariddcese. Tropical trees and shrubs, sometimes planted in the warm parts of the country.
Leaves 3-foliolate: flowers in corymbs, usually polygamous, with the odor of garlic; sepals and petals 4; stamens 8-20; torus elongated: berries ovate-globose, with a slender stripe. - Ten species, around the globe. The bark of the garlic pear, C. gynandra, blisters like cantharides. C. religiosa, from Malabar and the Society Isls. is a sacred tree, and is planted in native graveyards. The bitter, aromatic leaves and bark are used by them in stomach troubles. The above and some other species are cultivated in Eu. as ornamental greenhouse shrubs.
Forst. f. (C. Nurvala, Buch. - Ham.). A spreading unarmed deciduous tree of graceful proportions: leaves long-petioled, the leaflets 2 1/2-3 times as long as broad: flowers 2-3 in. across, showy, yellow, or purplish yellow, the petals long-clawed. - Once cultivated by Fran-ceschi, Santa Barbara, Calif., but reported by him as no longer in cultivation there. Excellent greenhouse plant N.
N. Taylor, †