This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
Reminds one of C. americanum, but flower-stem grayish purple on a green ground. Flowers pure white, very fragrant. Rare.
Bulbs conical, very large, 8 to 10 inches in diameter. Forms offsets tardily, if at all. Flower-stem short. Flowers fifteen to twenty in an umbel, white, bell-shaped, faintly keeled with pink.
One of the most common species in Florida gardens. Increases rapidly by offsets. Leaves long, thin and narrow, 2 to 3 feet long: flower-stem 2 to 3 feet tall, purplish green, carrying usually four to six very beautiful fragrant flowers, pure white with a faint pink keel, outside purplish red. Does not bear seeds, and pollen, and is useless for cross-breeding. Found everywhere in gardens.
Extremely rare, and not in the trade. Flowers pure white, with a soft red band in the center of each petal. One plant formed only five offsets in the course of eight years.
Perhaps the most beautiful species, the leaves being as ornamental as an aspidistra or a dracena. Evergreen like C. pedunculatum, C. amabile, C. augustum, and C. asiaticum. The leaves are about 3 feet long, rich deep green with a slight bluish tint. It forms large clumps in the course of a few years. Flowers six to eight in an umbel, bell-shaped, creamy white in the bud, pure white when fully expanded, exhaling a very strong vanillalike perfume. They appear six or eight times during the year, even in winter when the weather is warm. Needs rich moist soil and does not thrive satisfactorily on high dry land. An excellent species for hybridization.
Allied to C. giganteum, but bulbs much larger and leaves rather glaucous green, strongly nerved, with serrated edges. Flowers similar, but creamy white. Flowers usually two or three times during the year. This is as beautiful as C. giganteum, but it does not form such large clumps in the course of a few years. Seeds freely.
A large-growing species, with a fine rosette of bright green spreading leaves and large umbels of pure white flowers. Its variety nicaraguense is a still larger-growing plant. The flower-stem is quite short, about a foot high, bearing five or six very large white flowers with a faint pink band in the center, purplish on the outside. The flowers of both are strongly fragrant.
An excellent plant for hybridizing. The leaves are glaucous green, flowers eight to twelve in an umbel, pink, flushed with deeper red on the outside. A fine foliage plant, though flowers not very showy. The white variety, C. longifolium album, with very beautiful pure white bell-shaped flowers, is a very showy plant and much superior to the type.
Forms very large bulbs with long slender necks. A beautiful species with pink flowers, but very difficult to grow in light soils. It does not flower regularly each year.
Bulb very large, 6 to 8 inches in diameter, with a very long slender, stem-like neck about 10 to 12 inches long. The leaves are very beautiful, long and thin and very wavy. It usually flowers in March in central Florida. Flowers four to ten in an umbel, bell-shaped, rosy or pinkish red and deliciously fragrant. There is a beautiful white form of this extremely beautiful species. variety Schmidtii, which usually flowers also in March or April. Both kinds bear seeds if hand-pollinated with their own pollen or crossed with different other species. This crinum will not thrive well in the light sandy soils. It requires a heavier soil with some clay in it, and it grows well only in a lath-house.
Very rare in Florida gardens. Reminds one of C. asiaticum, but the bulb is shorter, more massive and the leaves thinner and of a brighter green. Flowers twenty to twenty-five in an umbel, pure white and strongly fragrant. This plant needs rich mucky soil to do its best. It does not thrive on dry ground. It is a much shyer bloomer than C. asiaticum, with which it is often confounded.
This is another evergreen species, almost a miniature C. imbricatum. Leaves glaucuous green, strongly nerved, with serrated edges. Bulb only a few inches in diameter and very short. Flower-stem about 10 inches high bearing only a few pure white strongly fragrant flowers. Flowers only once during the summer.
Bulb 5 to 6 inches in diameter. Flowers white. Requires moist rich soil. Rare.
This small species, with linear undulated leaves about a foot long, forms large clumps in rich moist soil, thriving with caladiums, marantas, ferns, and other shade-loving plants. Flowers five to six in an umbel, slightly red in bud and pink when expanded. Flower-stem purplish, only about 6 to 8 inches high.
Common in Florida gardens. Flowers white, keeled with bright red, deeper red on the outside. Flower-stems 3 feet high, carrying five or six flowers in the umbel. Bears no seed.
One of the showiest. Flowers large, amaryllislike, pure white, banded crimson, reminding one of Hippeastrum vittatum. Very fragrant, but flowers of short duration. Flowers three or four times during spring and summer. Bears seed abundantly and can be easily cross-fertilized with other species. Grows well on high dry pine land, but, like all crinums, requires rich soil.
When in bloom, this is the showiest of all the species. Bulbs very large, conical. Flower-umbels consist of fifteen to twenty large pure white bell-shaped flowers, being borne well above the foliage, standing upright. The flowers are faintly striped with pink. Three or four stems are usually pushed up at the same time from one large bulb, and beds consisting of twenty-five or fifty bulbs are a magnificent sight, as almost all the buds open at the same time. This crinum is strictly a night-bloomer, the flowers begining to open in the dusk of evening, remaining in perfect condition until sunrise. A clump or a bed of this species in full bloom during a moonlight night has a wonderful effect. It looks particularly beautiful under palms. This species is hardy as far north as southern Missouri and Kentucky, with a little protection in the form of stable manure or dry leaves. It has been received under the names C. Kirkii, C. ornatum and C. latifolium. Does not bear seeds.