This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
Flowers pure white, bell-shaped and somewhat fragrant. Bears seeds. Excellent for cross-breeding purposes.
Perhaps the most common of all the crinums, being found in almost every garden, even in the backwoods. The flowers which are intensely fragrant are borne on tall purplish stems. They are deep crimson in the bud state, white with a red stripe, when fully expanded. They usually flower in June and July after the rainy season has set in. Bears large grayish green fleshy seeds abundantly and is a fine plant to be used in hybridizing. H.Nehrling a. Perianth erect, salver-shaped, with linear segments; stamens spreading. (Stenaster.) b. Color of perianth white; tube greenish.
Bulb 4-5 in. thick; neck 6-9 in. long: leaves 20-30 to a bulb, 3-4 ft. long, 3-4 in. broad: peduncle l 1/2 - 2 ft. long, 1 in. thick; flowers 20-50 in an umbel; spathe-valves 2-4 in. long; pedicels 1/2-l in. long; perianth white; tube erect, tinged with green, 3-4 in. long; segments 2 1/2-3 in. long; filaments tinged red, 2 in. long: ovule 1 in a cell. tropical Asia. B.M. 1073. G.F. 4:283. Baker gives 5 botanical varieties, of which the most important in the American trade is probably variety sinicum, Baker (C. sinicum, Roxbg. C. pedunculatum, Hort., not R. Br.). stem John's Lily. Bulb 6 in. thick, 18 in. long: leaves 5 in. broad, with undulated edges, forming a massive crown 4-5 ft. high: peduncle 2-3 ft. long; flowers 20 or more, the tube and segments longer than in the type; perianth white. China. The bulb usually divides into 2 of equal size; small offsets are rarely produced. Seedlings flower in 5 years. variety declinatum, Baker (C. declinatum, Herb.), has a declined instead of erect bud; perianth-segments tinged red at tip. B.M. 2231. variety prdcerum, Baker (C. procerum, Carey), is larger than the type with leaves 5 ft. long, 6 in. wide: perianth-tube and limb 5 in. long, the latter tinged red outside.
Rangoon. B.M. 2684. variety anomalum, Baker, is freakish-looking, its leaves being expanded into a broad, membranous, striated and plaited wing. B.M. 2908 (as C. plica-turn). C. eboraci, Herb. (C. hybridum Todbrae, Hort.). Similar to the variety next mentioned, but half the size. Garden hybrid between a small form of C. asiaticum and C. longifolium. C. eboraci variety cappedum, Reasoner (C. cappedum, Reasoner). Habit much like C. asiaticum, but leaves tapering to a slender point, semi-erect, 4 ft. high: flowers about 20, segments 4 in. long, 1/2in. broad, spreading, white, sometimes changing to pink. Garden hybrid between C. asiaticum variety sinicum and C. longifolium. Increases both by offsets and splitting of the bulb into two. C. sinico-scabrum, Hort., hybrid of C. asiaticum variety crossed with C. scabrum, and intermediate in aspect and flower-C. asiaticum is the largest of the cultivation species, good specimens standing 5 ft. high and having a greater spread. The evergreen reticulated leaves are ornamental.
It blooms several times each year in good warmhouseor greenhouse conditions.
(C. australe, and C. exalta-tum, Herb. C. canaliculatum, Roxbg.). Bulb 4 in. thick; neck 6 in. long. leaves 25-30 to a bulb: flowers 20-30 in an umbel; spathe-valves 3-4 in. long; pedicels 1-1 1/2 in.; perianth greenish white, not tinged with red outside, the segments linear and spreading and shorter than the tube; filaments short, bright red; style shorter than the filaments: ovules 3 in a cell. Austral. B.R. 52. - The bulb grows above ground on a large rootstock; summer; coolhouse.
(C. floriddnum, Griseb., not Fraser). Leaves lorate-oblong, 1 ft. or less, 3-4 in. broad, narrowed to the base: umbels 3-4-flowered; perianth-tube 3-4 in. long, nearly straight; segments white, linear, spreading, nearly as long as tube. W. Indies.
bb. Color of perianth purplish red outside; tube purplish red.
Bulb small; neck 1 ft. or more long: leaves 25-30 to a bulb, 3-4 ft. long, strap-shaped, tapering to the point, the margin entire: peduncle 2-3 ft. long; flowers 20-30 in an umbel, very fragrant; spathe-valves 4-5 in. long; pedicels 1/2 - l in. long; perianth with a crimson center band, tinged outside bright purplish red; tube bright red; segments 4-5 in. long; stamens an inch shorter than the segments Sumatra. B.M. 1605. R.H. 1856:241. - Summer; warmhouse. Supposed by Herbert to be a spontaneous hybrid between C. asialicum variety procerum and C. zeylanicum: flowers sterile; bulb increases by small offsets; has been sold under the name of C. augustum (Hort., not Roxbg.), which is a similar but smaller natural hybrid presumably between C. bracteatum and C. zeylanicum, and has more obtuse leaves than C. amabile.
Fig. 1109. Crinum americanum. ( X 1/5 ) aa. Perianth erect, salver-shaped, with lanceolate segments: stamens spreading. (Platyaster.) b, Leaves few, 6-12 to a bulb.
Fig. 1109. Florida Swamp Lily. Bulb stoloniferous, ovoid, 3-4 in. thick; neck short: leaves 1 1/2 - 2 in. broad and 2-4 ft. long, curved, denticulate: flowers 3-6, usually 4 on an erect scape 20-30 in. high; pedicels 0 or very short; perianth creamy white, the lobes linear or lance-linear; tube greenish, equaling or exceeding the lobes. Native in river swamps Ga. and Fla. and westward. B.M. 1034. - Blooms in spring and summer, but some flowers may occur in winter far S.
Bulb ovoid, 4-5 in. thick; neck short: leaves 6-8, linear, suberect, 1 1/2-2 ft. long, 1 1/2-2 in. wide, channeled, narrowed to point, margin entire: flowers 6-12 on a lateral compressed peduncle 1 ft. or more high; perianth white, the tube greenish and 3-4 in. long, the segments nearly or quite as long, 1/2in. broad, lanceolate; filaments shorter than segments, bright red. Low grounds, India. Summer. variety elegans, Carey, has a longer-necked bulb, decumbent, peduncle, and tube an inch shorter than the segments B.M. 2592. variety venustum, Carey, has about 30 flowers in an umbel. India.