This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
Bulb globose, 5-6 in. thick: leaves 6-10, thin, sword-shaped, 2-3 ft. long, 3-4 in. wide, wavy, margin roughish; peduncle long and not very stout, often tinged red; flowers 10-20 on very short pedicels; tube 3-4 in. long, curved; segments oblong, acute, 3-4 in. long, 1 in. broad, white with a broad red keel; stamens an inch shorter than segments Spring to midsummer; warmhouse. tropical Asia and Africa B.M. 1171 (as Amaryllis ornata). - A warmhouse species. Usually sold as C. Kirkii, which is an allied species from E. Africa, probably not known outside of botanic gardens.
(C. crassifolium, Herb.). Bulb ovoid, 3-4 in. thick, without distinct neck: leaves 10-12, linear, glabrous and entire, the outer ones 2 ft. and more long, 2 in. wide, weak: flowers 10-12, on a compressed erect peduncle 1-1 1/2 ft- high, the pedicels 1/2-l in. long; tube greenish, 1 1/2 in. long; segments white with red tinge down the keel, oblong, acute, 2 1/2-31/2in. long; filaments red, an inch shorter than segments Cape region. Spring.
(C. orndtum variety latifolium, Herb. C. Linnaei, Roem. C. jemense, C. jemenicum and C. yemense, Hort.). Bulb nearly globose, 6-8 in. diam., with a short neck: leaves many, strap-shaped, thin, 2-3 ft. long and 3-4 in. broad, slightly scabrous on the margins: flowers 10-20, on a peduncle 2 ft. or less high; tube curved, 3-4 in. long, greenish; segments about as long as the tube, oblong-lanceolate and acute, 1 in. broad at middle, whitish tinged red. tropical Asia. - An excellent species; summer; vvarmhouse.
Bulb globose, 3-4 in. diam., without neck: leaves about 20, long-pointed, the outer ones 5-6 ft. long and sword-shaped, the inner linear: flowers about 20 on a peduncle 2 ft. high; tube slightly curved, tinged green, 4 in.; limb shorter than tube, the segments ovate or oblong, acute, white and tinged pink on the back; stamens nearly as long as limb. Mts. British Cent. Africa B.M. 7812. G.C. III. 50:170-Closely allied to C. longifolium. Flowers fragrant, 8 in. long.
Bulb very large, conical, without neck: leaves sword-shaped, 3-4 ft. long, 4 in. broad and long-tapering to the apex, entire: flowers 15-20, in a stout compressed peduncle less than 1 ft. long, the pedicels 1-1 1/2 in. long; tube about 3 in. long, slightly curved, green; segments oblanceolate, 1/2in. broad, equaling the tube, ascending, white tinged red on the back; filaments purple, nearly equaling the segments Probably tropical Africa
cc. Flowers fewer, usually less than 8 in an umbel.
D. segments of perianth red, striped or tinted with red.
E. Tube of perianth usually 3 in. or more long.
Bulb globose, 2 in. thick; neck short, 2-3 in. long: leaves 10-12, thin, l 1/2-2 ft. long, 1 1/2 in. broad, margin denticulate, tapering to a long point: flowers 3-6, nearly sessile, white, keeled with red; tube 5-6 in. long, curved; segments oblong, acute, ascending, 3-4 in. long and 1 in. or less broad; stamens much shorter than segments Upper Guinea. Gn. 52:122. - Closely allied to C. scabrum. Intermediate house; blooms at intervals.
Bulb globose, 5-6 in. diam., with short neck: leaves 12 or more, 2-3 ft. long, 1 1/2-2 in. wide, closely veined, margin scabrous: flowers 4-8, the peduncle 1-2 ft. high; pedicels 0 or very short; tube greenish, 4-5 in. long; segments white with distinct red keel, oblong, acute, 3 in. or less long; filaments rather shorter than segments Apr. May. tropical Africa B.M.2180. F.S. 21:2216. A very showy and easily cultivated species; spring or early summer; warmhouse. C. Herbertii, Sweet (C. scabro-capense, Hort. C. Kunthianum, Hort., not Roem.). Flowers similar to C. scabrum, but color lighter, the plant taller and larger. Garden hybrid between C. scabrum and C. longifolium. This is a doubtful name. C. Herbertianum, Wall.=C. zeylanicum. C. Herbertianum. Roem. & Schulte= C. strictum. C. virgini-cum, garden hybrid, resembles C. Herbertii, but the plant is smaller and the flowers larger and brighter in color. See also No. 32.
(C. ornatum variety Careyanum, Herb.). Regarded by Baker as "scarcely more than a variety of C. latifo-lium;" confused in cultivation: flowers only 4-6 in the umbel, on a subterete green peduncle about 1 ft. high: bulb globose, 3-4 in. diam., shortnecked, with brown coverings: leaves 8-10, strap-shaped, undulate, thin, 2 ft. or less long, 2-3 in. broad, the margin entire: perianth-tube curved, greenish, 3-4 in. long; segments (or limb) about as long as the tube, oblong-acute, 1 in. broad, lightly red-tinged at center; stamens a little shorter than segments Mauritius and Seychelles. B.M. 2466. - Autumn; greenhouse.
Leaves linear, 4-5 ft. long, 2 in. broad toward base but long-pointed, glaucous green, margins ciliated with small membranous scales: flowers 3-7, nearly sessile, on peduncle 2 ft. high; tube curved, 4-5 in. long; segments white with distinct red keel, oblong, acute, ascending, 3 in. long and 1 in. broad; stamens an inch shorter than segments Lower Guinea. Gn. 55: 92. Allied to C. scabrum. - A different plant is passing in the trade under this name.
ee. Tube short,-3 in. or less.
(C. aqudticum, Herb. C. caffrum, Herb.). Bulb small and ovoid: leaves linear, deeply channeled, 3-4 ft.: flowers 6-8, on a slender peduncle
1 ft. or more long, the pedicels 1/2-l in. long; tube slender, 3 in. or less long, about as long as the cam-panulate limb; segments bright rose-red, oblong, obtuse, much exceeding the filaments. Cape region. B.M. 2352. - A very distinct species; warmhouse.