This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(after J. Cunningham, botanical collector, who discovered this conifer in China in 1702). Pinaceae. Evergreen trees cultivated for their handsome foliage.
Trunk stout: branches verticillate, spreading, pendulous at the extremities: leaves linear-lanceolate, rigid, densely spirally arranged and 2-rowed in direction: flowers monoecious; staminate oblong, pistillate globose, both sexes in small clusters at the end of the branches: cones roundish-ovate, 1-2 in. long, with roundish-ovate, serrate and pointed, coriaceous scales, each with 3 narrow-winged seeds at the base. - Two species, in S. W. China and in Formosa. The species in cult, is a very decorative conifer for warmer temperate regions, much resembling the Araucaria brasiliensis. It prefers a half-shaded position and sandy and loamy humid soil. Prop, by seeds or cuttings of half-hardy wood in late summer under glass; short sprouts from the old wood of the trunk or larger branches are the best; cuttings from lateral branches grow into weak and onesided plants.
Hook. (C. sinensis, R. Br.). Tree, attaining 80 ft.: leaves linear-lanceolate, with broad, decurrent base, sharply pointed, finely serrulate, light green and shining above and with 2 broad, whitish bands beneath, 1 1/2-2 1/2 in. long: cones 1-2 in. high. China, cult, in Japan. B.M. 2743. S.Z. 104, 105. R.H. 1903, pp. 549-551. G.W. 13, p. 330; 14, p. 13. J.H. III. 49:447. F. 1854, p. 169. - The second species, C. Konishii, Hayata, from Formosa, is not in cultivation; it has narrower and much smaller leaves, glaucescent on both-sides, and smaller cones; it is very different and forms a transition to Taiwania. Alfred Rehder.