This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Greek, kydistos, most glorious; alluding to the beautiful flowers). Bignoniaceae. Ornamental vines, grown for their beautiful flowers.
Evergreen shrubs, climbing by If . - tendrils: leaves opposite, with 2 leaflets, the rachis elongated into a simple slender tendril, sometimes wanting: flowers in terminal or axillary panicles, sometimes 2; calyx campanulate-turbinate, truncate or with 5 short teeth; corolla funnel-form-campanulate, with imbricate lobes; stamens 4, inclosed, with spreading anther-cells; disk wanting; ovary linear, with numerous ovules in 2 rows: caps, linear, septicid, with numerous, nearly orbicular, winged seeds. - One or 2 species in the W. Indies and S. Amer. Closely allied to Bignonia, but easily distinguished by its simple slender tendrils, by the paniculate flowers, the usually truncate calyx and the wanting disk. Suited for cult, in tropical and subtropical regions only and as a stove plant in the N. For cultivation and propogation, see Bignonia.
Miers (Bignonia aequinoctialis, Linn.). High climbing: leaflets ovate to ovate-oblong, obtuse-acuminate, undulate, lustrous, reticulate, 3-4 in. long; petioles 1/3-3/4in. long: calyx campanulate-turbinate, truncate; corolla white or pink, with dark pink or purplish veins, 2 1/2 in. long. W. Indies, Brazil. - The B. aequinoctialis variety (B. R. 9:741) with yellow flowers in elongated racemes is Anemopaegma Chamberlaynii, Bur. & Schum. (Bignonia Chamberlaynii, Sims B. M. 2148. F.S. 3:235. P.M. 14:3.). See page 502. Alfred Rehder.