This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(from the Greek, referring to the hump-shaped anthers). Solanacex. South American spineless shrubs or small trees, one of which is sometimes grown for its edible fruit.
The genus is distinguished from Solanum chiefly by the thickened connective of the anthers: the plants are erect and usually stout and the large leaves are entire, 3-lobed, or pinnatisect: flowers pedicellate, in racemes, scorpioid cyme-branches, or arising below the nodes; calyx and corolla 5-lobed, the corolla somewhat rotate, the tube very short; anthers porose or acuminate at apex; ovary 2-celled: fruit an ovoid or oblong fleshy berry, many-seeded. - Some 30 or more species, of little concern to the horticulturist.
Sendt. (Solanum fragrans, Hook.). Tree Tomato. Fig. 1195. Cult, occasionally for the egg-shaped, reddish brown, faintly striped fruits, and under such conditions it becomes a tree-shaped, half-woody plant 6-10 ft. high: leaves large, soft-pubescent, cordate-ovate, more or less acuminate, entire: flowers small, pinkish, fragrant, in small axillary or super-axillary clusters: fruit about 2 in. long, on slender stalks, 2-loculed and seedy, musky-acid and tomato-like in flavor, agreeable to those who like tomatoes. Brazil. B.M. 3684. J.H. III. 31:470. G.C. III. 25:105. A.G. 11:409 -Bears the second and third year from seed, under glass (where it must be grown in the northern states). Grown mostly as a curiosity. L H B
Fig. 1195. Cyphomandra betacea. (X 1/2)