(after its Irish name, stem Dabeoc's Heath). More commonly spelled Daboecia, and sometimes Dabeocia. Syn., Boretta. Ericaceae. Shrub cultivated for its purple flowers appearing in summer.

Low evergreen with alternate entire leaves and drooping pedicelled flowers in long terminal racemes: corolla ovoid, contracted at the mouth and shortly 4-lobed, with recurved lobes; stamens 8, included: caps. 4-celled, dehiscent. - One species in W. Eu.

This is a very pretty heath-like plant, with purple or white flowers in elegant loose racemes, well adapted for rockeries or borders of evergreen shrubberies. Requires protection North during the winter, and thrives best in a peaty, sandy soil. Propagated by seeds treated like those of Erica, and by cuttings of half-ripened wood under glass.


Koch (D. polifolia, Don. Boretta can-tdbrica, Kuntze. Menziesia polifolia, Juss.). Irish Heath. To 2 ft.: branchlets glandular pubescent: leaves elliptic, the uppermost narrower, revolute at the margin, whitish tomentose beneath, shining and dark green above, 1/4- 1/2in. long: racemes many-flowered; corolla 1/3- 1/2in. long, purple in the type. June-Oct. Ireland, W. France, N.Spain, Azores. Gn. 52:344.; 71, p. 442; 76, p. 490. Gn. M. 3:336. R.B. 3:121. Gt. 47:1450. S.B.F.G. 2:276. - There are many varieties, as alba, Dipp., with white flowers (Gn. 22, p. 302); tricolor, Dipp. (variety striata, Hort.), with white- and purple-striped flowers; rosea, Rehd. (Boretta cantabrica rosea, Koopmann), with pink flowers; atropurpurea, Dipp., with dark purple flowers; nana, Rehd. (Menziesia polifolia nana, Lodd. M. polifolia pygtmaea, Arb. Kew). Dwarf; with small and narrow leaves L.B.C. 20:1907.

Alfred Rehder.