(Greek-made name, referring to the tear-like exudations). Taxaceae. About 16 species of New Zeal., Austral., Malaya and Chile, being trees or shrubs with closely imbricated scale-like leaves on old trees and linear or linear-subulate spreading leaves on young trees and lower branches, none apparently in the trade in this country but more or less grown in European arboreta; allied to Podocar-pus, from which it differs in having dimorphic leaves, peduncle of fruit dry or fleshy (fleshy and enlarged in Podocar-pus), and the ovule becoming erect; and to Phyllocladus, which differs in having cladophylla and the true leaves reduced to minute scales. Dacrydium is dioecious or rarely monoecious, the flowers not in cone-like structures; male flowers solitary at tips of branchlets and with the uppermost leaves, females nearly or quite terminal under the leaf - like scales: seeds nut-like, ovoid, borne in a cup-like fleshy or thin aril. - These more or less spruce-like trees sometimes attain a height in their native regions of 75-100 ft.

Some of the species may be expected to thrive in the southern areas.