This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(N. Dalberg, a Swedish botanist, 1730 to 1820). Leguminosae. Nearly 100 species of trees, shrubs, or climbers, belonging to tropical regions all over the world, a few of which have been introduced to North America, one for timber.
Leaves alternate, odd-pinnate (rarely 1-foliolate) without stipules: flowers small, numerous, purple, violet or white, in forking cymes or irregular cyme-like panicles, which are axillary or terminal, papilionaceous, with ovate or orbicular standard: fruit an indehiscent narrow pod, 1-seeded at middle and with few seeds toward the ends, the seeds compressed and reniform.
Fig. 1216. Wild aster, or Michaelmas daisy. (X 1/2)
Sissoo, Roxbg. A good-sized tree, 80 ft. high in India: leaves pinnate; leaflets 5, alternate, stalked, obovate, abruptly acuminate, pubescent beneath: flowers white, in short, axillary panicles. - In India considered one of the best timbers, whenever elasticity and durability are required. Intro, at Santa Barbara, where it is hardy but growth said to be very slow. The Sissoo tree is worth trial in nearly frostless districts, especially along sandy river banks. It improves sterile lands. Experiments in Egypt have shown its most remarkable property of standing severe droughts, as well as submersion for a long period. The wood is very elastic, seasons well, does not warp or split, is easily worked, and takes a fine polish. It is also a durable wood for boats. The tree is raised easily from seeds or cuttings, and is of quick growth. Other species of Dalbergia are of economic value and have been sparingly planted.