5. Blagayana, Freyer. Branches often ascending, glabrous: leaves cuneate, obovate or oblong, glabrous, 1-1 1/2 in. long: heads many-flowered; flowers white or yellowish white, fragrant, nearly glabrous outside, almost 1 in. long. April, May. Mts. of S. E. Eu. B.M. 7579. F.S. 22:2313. Gt. 29:1020. Gn. 14:200; 35, p. 540; 42, p. 95; 50, p. 26; 67, pp. 287; 71, pp. 7, 247; 73, p.241. G.C.II. 13:245; 17:505; 111.11:491; 32:300, 301; 38:171.

cc. Habit erect, 1-4 ft. high.

d. Leaves less than 2 in. long, usually pubescent: perianth densely pubescent outside.

E. Lobes of perianth lanceolate, acute; heads without bracts.

6. Oleoides, Schreb

(D. buxifolia, Vahl). Shrub, to 3 ft.: branches pubescent: leaves obovate-elliptic to obo-vate-lanceolate, usually mucronulate or acute, villous-pubescent on both sides or finally glabrous above, punctulate with whitish dots, 1-1 1/2in- long: flowers in few-flowered heads without bracts, white or pale lilac, with ovate-lanceolate, pointed lobes, 1/2in. long. S. E. Eu. L.B.C. 3:299. B.M. 1917. - Very variable in shape and pubescence of Ivs. variety Fioniana, Hort., with obovate-lanceolate, obtuse leaves and lilac flowers, is said to be a hybrid between this species and D. collina.

ee. Lobes of perianth ovate, obtusish; heads with bracts at the base.

7. Collina, Smith

(D. australis, Cyrill. D. sericea, Hort., not Vahl). Shrub, 1-3 ft.: branchlets villous: leaves scattered, oblong-ovate to oblanceolate, obtusish, glabrous and shining above, tomentose below, 1-1 3/4 in. long: flowers rosy purple, fragrant, 3/4in. long, in 10-15-flowered heads, lobes broad-ovate, obtuse, about as long as tube; bracts broadly oval, tomentose, about half as long as the flowers, persistent for some time. April-June. Italy, Crete, Asia Minor. B.M. 428. B.R.24:56. variety neapolitana, Lindl. (D. neapolitana, Lodd. D. Delahayana, Hort.). Leaves glabrous or nearly so. L.B. C. 8:719. B.R. 822. By some supposed to be a hybrid of D. collina and D. Cneorum.

8. Sericea, Vahl

(D. oleifolia, Lam.). Shrub, 1-2 ft.: branchlets short, puberulous or nearly glabrous: leaves crowded at the end of the branchlets, lanceolate or oblanceolate, acute or acuminate, glabrous above, appressed pubescent beneath, sometimes nearly glabrous, 1/2-3/4 in. long: flowers in 3-8-flowered heads, rose-colored, 3/4in. long, lobes broadly ovate, obtuse, a third shorter than tube: bracts obovate, silky, soon drooping. May, June. Sicily, Crete, Asia Minor. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 10: 20. - Rare in cultivation; usually confused with the preceding species.

dd. Leaves usually longer than 2 in., glabrous (or slightly pubescent beneath in No. 9.): perianth glabrous or pubescent.

E. Apex of leaves obtuse or acutish.

F. Heads of flowers all terminal, usually many-flowered; bracts persistent.

9. Hybrida, Lindl

(D. Dauphinii, Hort. D. Del-phinii, Lodd.). Garden hybrid of D. collina x D. odora. Similar to D. odora, but hardier. Erect shrub, to 4 ft.: leaves cuneate, oblong-elliptic, dark green and shining above, glabrous or slightly hairy along the veins beneath when young, 2-3 in. long: flowers reddish purple, pubescent outside, very fragrant, rather large, in few-flowered heads. B.R. 1177.

10. Oddra, Thunbg

(D. sinensis, Lam. D. indica, Loisel., not Linn.). Shrub, to 4 ft., with glabrous branches: leaves oblong-elliptic, acute at both ends, bluntly pointed, glabrous, 2-3 in. long: flowers in dense, terminal heads, very fragrant, white to purple; ovary glabrous; bracts 6-10, lanceolate, persistent. Winter and spring. China, Japan. Gn. 28:8. J.H. III. 50:367. V. 4:318. Gng. 2:211. variety alba, Hemsl. Flowers white. Gn. 28:8; 37, p. 10; 76, p. 240. G. 8:45; 22:9. variety punctata, Hemsl. Flowers in dense heads, white, spotted outside with red. B.M. 1587. variety marginata, Hort. Leaves bordered yellow: flowers red. P.M. 8:175 and R.H. 1866:252 (as D. japonica). A.G. 22:843. variety rubra, Sweet. Flowers purple. S.B.F.G. II. 4:320. G.C. III. 21:173-By some botanists D. odora and D. sinensis, Lam. (D. indica, Loisel.), are considered distinct species: D. odora has larger flowers about 3/4in. long, glabrous outside, the bracts shorter than the flowers, and usually oval leaves, while D. sinensis has flowers about 1/2in. long, slightly silky outside, the bracts longer than the flowers, and usually oblong-elliptic leaves; but it is doubtful whether these characters are constant. - D. odorata, Hort., is a common misprint in catalogues for D. odora.

D. odorata, Lam.= D. Cneorum.

Daphne Cneorum.

Fig. 1221. Daphne Cneorum.

ff. Heads of flowers axillary and terminal, few-flowered; bracts caducous; perianth glabrous.

11. Japonica, Sieb. & Zucc

(D. Mazelii, Carr.). Shrub, to 4 ft.: branches glabrous: leaves oblong-deltoid, gradually narrowed at the base, nearly sessile, 2-4 in. long: heads axillary and terminal, short-peduncled, 3-4-flowered; flowers pink, short-pedicelled, 1/2in. long; lobes ovate, obtuse, as long as tube; bracts ovate-lanceolate, ciliate, slightly shorter than flowers; peduncles and pedicels silky. Spring. Japan, China. Gn. 14:442.

ee. Apex of leaves usually emarginate.

12. Retusa, Hemsl

Shrub, 2-3 ft.: branchlets pubescent at first, soon glabrous: leaves oblong or oblanceolate-oblong, obtuse and usually emarginate, narrowed at the base into a short petiole, glabrous, 1-3 in. long, 1/3-2/3in. wide: flowers white, tinged outside rose or violet, glabrous, fragrant, 3/4in. long, in many-flowered terminal heads; lobes slightly shorter than tube; bracts 3-4, oval or obovate, ciliate, deciduous, shorter than flowers: fruit red. May. W. China. B.M. 8430. - Recently introduced and apparently fairly hardy; a very desirable plant.

bb. Flowers axillary, yellowish or greenish white, glabrous outside.

13. Laureola, Linn

Shrub, to 4 ft.: leaves cuneate, obo-vate-lanceolate, acute, shining and dark green above, glabrous, 2-3 1/2 in. long: flowers in 5-10-flowered, nearly sessile racemes, yellowish green, scentless: fruit black. March-May. S. Eu., W. Asia. Gn. 29, p. 602 (poor). variety Philippii, Arb. Kew (D. Philippii, Gren. & Godr.). Lower: leaves obovate: flowers often violet outside; bracts as long or longer than the flowers Pyrenees. - variety purpurea of the Kew Arboretum=D. Houtteana.

14. Pontica, Linn

Shrub, to 5 ft.: leaves cuneate, obovate or obovate-lanceolate, acute, shining, glabrous, 2-3 in. long: flowers in long-peduncled, 1-3-flowered clusters, greenish yellow, fragrant, with linear-lanceolate lobes. April, May. S. E. Eu., W. Asia. B.M. 1282. G.C. II. 14:209. G.W. 5, p. 261.

D. alpina, Linn. Erect shrub, to 2 ft.: leaves deciduous, cu-neate-lanceolate, sparingly silky: flowers white or blushed, terminal, fragrant. May, June. S. Eu. L.B.C. 1:66. Gn. 29, p. 603. - D. altaica, Pall. Shrub, to 4 ft.: leaves deciduous, cuneate, oblong-lanceolate, glabrous: flowers white, in terminal, 1-5-flowered heads, fragrant. May, June. Altai, Songaria, Mongolia. B.M. 1875. L.B.C. 4:399. -D. arbuscula, Celak. Evergreen dwarf shrub: branchlets red: leaves crowded at end of branchlets, linear-oblanceolate, obtuse, pubescent or glabrous beneath, 3/4in. long: flowers pink, in 3-8-flowered heads. June. Hungary. - D. caucasica, Pall. Allied to D. altaica. Leaves narrower: flowers in 3-20-flowered heads. Caucasus. B.M. 7388. - D. glomerata, Lam. Allied to D. pontica. Low: flowers light pink, fragrant, the clusters crowded at the ends of the branches. May. W. Asia. - D. Gnidium, Linn. Evergreen shrub, to 2 ft.: leaves linear-lanceolate, acute, glabrous: flowers yellowish white, fragrant, in terminal racemes or panicles. S. Eu. L.B.C. 2:150. Gn. 29, p. 603. - D. jezoensis, Maxim. Upright shrub, 2 ft.: leaves oblong-obovate, persistent, obtuse, l 1/2-3 in. long: flowers axillary, yellow.

March, Apr. Gt. 15:496. - D. kamtschatica, Maxim. Low upright shrub, sparsely branched: leaves oblong-lanceolate, acutish: flowers fascicled, yellowish. Kamchatka, Manchuria. -D. papyrifera, Sieb.=Edgeworthia papyrifera. - D. petraea, Leyb. Dwarf evergreen shrub: leaves linear-lanceolate, small, obtuse: flowers light pink, in terminal, 3-6-flowered heads, fragrant. June, July. S. Tyrol. Gn. 69, p. 327. - D. pseudo-mezereum, Gray. Low, almost decumbent shrub: leaves lanceolate-oblong, acutish: flowers fascicled, axillary, greenish yellow, scentless. March, Apr. Japan. -D. rupestris, Facch.=D. petraea. - D. salicifolia, Lam.=D. caucasica. - D.sophia, Kalen. Allied to D. caucasica: leaves obovate-oblong, glaucous below: heads few-flowered S. Russia. - D. striata, Tratt. Dwarf evergreen shrub: leaves small, cuneate, linear-lanceolate, glabrous: flowers in terminal, many-flowered heads, pink. June, July. Switzerland and Carpathian Mts. - D. Vahlii, Keissler. Allied to D. collina. Branchlets thick, puberulous: leaves obovate or oblong-obovate, appressed-pubescent below: heads 8-10-flowered: bracts obovate, silky, deciduous. Crete, Asia Minor. - D. yezoensis, Hort. =D. jezoensis.

Alfred Rehder.