This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(band and hook, referring to hook-like points on the leaves). Palmaceae. About 25 palms of U. S., S. Mex. to Bolivia and Brazil, differing from Bactris in the long slender climbing caudex and technical characters. They are gregarious plants, with spines or hooks by means of which they climb or are elevated on growing trees, the stems usually thin and flexuose and annular: leaves scattered along the stem, pinnate or pinnatisect, the parts or segments opposite or alternate, the rachis produced into a long hook-bearing climbing organ: flowers greenish, in solitary spadices with 2 spathe-leaves: fruit small, pea-shaped, red. D. major, Crueg., stem becoming very long and clinging to supports by the modified retrorse opposite segments on the prolonged rachis: leaves pinnate; leaflets 20 pairs, linear-acuminate and usually clustered; rachis spiny, dark-tomen-tose: spathe covered with brown prickles. Trinidad. Little known under glass, and reported as cult, in the open in S. Fla. and S. Calif.
L. H. B