This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(after Diocles of Carystos, said to be second only to Hippocrates among the ancient3 for his knowledge of plants). Leguminosae. Tender shrubby twiners, with delicate trifoliolate leaves and blue, violet, scarlet or white flowers, sometimes nearly an inch long, and borne in clusters which have been roughly compared to Wistaria.
Flowers papilionaceous; calyx bell-shaped, 4-cut, 2 lobes shorter and narrower; standard orbicular or ovate, reflexed, auricled or appendaged at base; wings obovate or oblong, free; keel incurved, beaked or obtuse; ovary nearly sessile: pod wide, the upper suture thickened or 2 - winged. - Perhaps 20 species in tropical regions, chiefly in the western hemisphere. What is said to be the following species is cult, in S. Calif., where it has a moderate growth, shining foliage, and clusters of 10 or more large flowers of a splendid scarlet (to be considered with reference to Campto-sema).
Hort. Flowers 1 in. long, bright scarlet, in racemes, somewhat like Wistaria: will stand some cold. Prop, by seeds, cuttings, or suckers, freely produced on grown - up plants. Rio de la Plata. - mperfectly understood botanically; said to be the same as Camptosema rubi-cundum, Hook. & Arn. L. H. B.†