This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Greek, pendent fruit). Big-nonidcex. An attractive half-hardy tendril-climber. Shrubs, but grown as annuals in the N., tall climbing: leaves opposite, 2-parted or -pinnate: flowers yellow, scarlet or orange, mostly racemose; calyx campanulate, 5parted; corolla-tube elongated; limb more or less 2-ipped or in E. scaber small and nearly entire; stamens 4, didynamous, included; disk annular: fruit an ovate or elliptic loculicidal 1-celled caps. - Three or 4 species of tall somewhat woody plants from Peru and Chile, climbing by branched tendrils at the end of the twice-pinnate leaves, and having very distinct flowers of somewhat tubular shape, which are colored yellow, orange or scarlet.
Eccremocarpus has two sections, in one of which the corollas are cylindrical, but in the section Calampelis, to which E. scaber belongs, the corolla has a joint at a short distance beyond the calyx, then swells out on the under side, and suddenly constricts into a neck before it reaches the small circular mouth, surrounded by five very short rounded lobes.
Ruiz & Pav. (Calampelis scaber, D. Don). About 10 ft. high: leaves bipinnate; lfts, obliquely cordate, entire or serrate: flowers 1 in. long, orange, in racemes. July, Aug. Chile. B.R. 939. B.M. 6408. variety coc-cineus, Hort., has scarlet flowers variety aureus, Hort., has flowers bright golden yellow. variety carmineus, Hort., has flowers carmine-red. - E. scaber is hardy in the southern parts of the U. S., and makes a most attractive perennial woody subject. It is also satisfactory in the open in the N. if given a warm exposure, blooming readily from seed the first year. L. H. B.†