(after M. P. Edgeworth, English botanist in East Indies, and his sister Maria). Thymel-sedcese. Ornamental woody subjects grown chiefly for their early yellow and fragrant flowers and for the handsome foliage.

Deciduous sparingly branched shrubs, with stout branches: leaves alternate, entire, short-petioled, crowded at the end of the branches: flowers in dense, peduncled heads, axillary, on branches of the previous year, with or before the leaves, apetalous; calyx-tube cylindric, with 4 spreading lobes, densely villous outside; stamens 8, in 2 rows; style elongated, stigma cylindric: fruit a dry drupe. - Two species in Japan, China and Himalayas.

These plants are hardy only in warmer temperate regions, but do not stand hot and dry summers; they thrive in any good well-drained garden soil; if grown in pots, a sandy compost of peat and loam, with sufficient drainage given, will suit them. Propagation is by greenwood cuttings in spring under glass; also by seeds.

Papyrifera

Zucc. (E. chrysantha, Lindl. Daphne papyrifera, Sieb.). Small shrub with thick branchlets: leaves deciduous, membranous, elliptic-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, acute at the ends, at first clothed with silky hairs on both sides, later glabrous above, 3-5 in. long: heads of flowers dense, up to 2 in. across, on short axillary stalks; flowers 3/4in. long, densely silky-hairy outside, fragrant, yellow, drying whitish; ovary pubescent only at the apex. April. Japan, China. B.R. 33:48. F.S. 3:289. - Cannot withstand the long dry summers.

Gardneri, Meisn. Large shrub, with slenderer branchlets: leaves persistent, of firmer texture: flowers with a more shaggy pubescence, drying black; ovary hairy throughout: otherwise very similar to the preceding species which is, by some botanists, considered not specifically distinct. April. Himalayas. B.M. 7180.

Alfred Rehder.