This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(G. D. Ehret, botanical painter, born in Germany, 1708 or 1710, died in England 1770). Bor-aginacese. Tender trees and shrubs, found in the warmer regions of the world.
Plants with or without rough, short hairs: leaves alternate, entire or dentate: flowers small, often white, in cymes, corymbs, terminal panicles, or rarely all borne in the upper axils; calyx 5-parted or -cleft; corolla short-fun-nelform to rotate, with 5 obtuse spreading lobes; stamens 5, affixed in the tube, exserted or rarely included, the filaments very slender; style 2-lobed or -parted: fruit a small drupe, usually containing two 2-celled 2-seeded nutlets. - Species 40-50, the larger number in the Old World tropics, but widely dispersed about the globe. A few species are planted in S. Calif, and perhaps elswhere along the southern parts.
a. Leaves toothed.
B. Foliage hairy.
Wall. Tree: leaves 6-8 in. long, broadly elliptic, acuminate, bristly above and soft-hairy beneath, serrate: panicle terminal, pubescent; calyx ciliate: fruit globose, obscurely 4-grooved. Himalayas, China.
bb. Foliage not hairy. acuminata, R. Br. (E. serrata, Roxbg.). Heliotrope Tree. Tree, to 40 ft.: leaves 3-4 in. long, elliptic to oblong, acuminate, serrate: panicles terminal and axillary; flowers clustered, sessile; corolla-tube very short. tropical Asia, Japan and Austral. B.R. 13:1097. Hardy at Arnold Arboretum.
aa. Leaves usually not toothed.
DC. Tree, 15-50 ft. high: leaves oval or oblong, sometimes serrate, nearly smooth, or with minute hairs and very rough above: flowers small, white, fragrant, in cymes or panicles; calyx-lobes broad-lanceolate and acute, as long as the corolla-tube: fruit a yellow-globose drupe, the size of a small pea, with edible thin pulp. Texas, Mex. Wilhelm Miller.
L. H. B.†