This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(after Stephen Elliott, South Carolina's early and excellent botanist. For a fine portrait and sketch of him, see G.F. 7:204-6). Ericaceae. Deciduous shrub cultivated for its handsome racemes of delicate white flowers.
Leaves alternate, entire, without stipules: flowers in terminal racemes; calyx small, 4-parted; petals 4, oblong; stamens 8, with short filaments; ovary 4-celled; cells 1-ovuled; style slender, exserted: fruit unknown. - One species in S. C. and Ga., very rare and local. The Japanese species formerly referred to this geniis are well distinguished by the 3-merous flowers and by the many-ovuled cells of the ovary; they form the genus Tripetaleia. Like Cladothamnus, Ledum and Leio-phyllum, the genus differs from most other Ericaceae in having distinct petals, but is easily distinguished from the genera mentioned by its racemose infloresence and other characters.
Elliottia is very rare in cultivation owing to its difficult propagation; it is not hardy North and seems to grow best in a humid sandy or peaty soil. Propagation by suckers, which appear only occasionally.
Muhl. Fig. 1390. Shrub, 4-10 ft. high: branches slender: leaves alternate, oblong, acute at both ends, glandular-mucronate, entire, thin, membranous, 3-4 in. long, 1-1 1/2 in. wide; petioles slender, grooved, hairy, about 1 in. long: racemes 6-10 in. long, often branched at the base; calyx-lobes short, rounded; petals spatulate-oblong, 1/2in. long. Wet, sandy woods of S. C. and Ga. G.F. 7:205 (adapted in Fig. 1390). B.M. 8413. G.C. III. 51:11. Gn. 75, p. 471.
Fig. 1390. Elliottia racemosa. (X 1/2)