This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Greek name for a kind of millet). Gra-minex. Lyme-Grass. Wild-Rye. Erect perennial grasses with terminal usually bristly spikes somewhat resembling rye, sometimes grown as ornamentals and having other uses.
Leaves flat or convolute: spikelets 2-6-flowered, often long-awned, the uppermost imperfect, sessile, in pairs (rarely in 3's or 4's), at each joint of the continuous or articulate rachis, forming terminal spikes; glumes acute or awned, often placed at the front of the spikelet. - Species about 25, in the temperate regions of both hemispheres. For E. Hystrix, see Hystrix. See p. 3568.
Linn. Sea Lyme-Grass. Stout, coarse perennial, 2-8 ft. high, with strong, creeping rootstocks: leaves long, rigid, smooth: spikes dense, terminal, 6-12 in. long; spikelets about 1 in. long and 3-4-flowered, awnless. G. 15:701. Dept. Agric, Div. Agrost., 7: 319. - Sometimes used for binding the drifting sands of our Atlantic and Pacific coasts, especially when combined with beach grass, Ammophila arenaria. The seed is also used by the Digger Indians for food.
Linn. Canada Lyme-Grass. Terrel Grass. Fig. 1393. Rather stout, smooth perennial, 2-5 ft. high, with broad, flat leaves 6-12 in. long: spikes 4-9 in. long, exserted, nodding; spikelets very rigid, 3-5-flowered; lemmas long-awned. Common in low thickets and along streams in rich, open woods throughout the country. - Cult, as an ornamental plant. variety glauci-fdlius, Gray (E. glaucifolius, Hort.), is pale and glaucous throughout, with usually more slender awns. Cult, as an ornamental grass.
Fig. 1393. Elymus canadensis. (X 1/2)
Presl.' Giant Rye-Grass. The largest of the native rye-grasses, growing to the height of 5-10 ft.: culms in dense tufts, stout: spikes 6-12 in. long, very variable, compact or interrupted, bearing branching clusters of spikelets at each joint; glumes subulate; lemmas awnless or mucronate. Rocky Mt. regions and the Pacific slope. - Cult, as an ornamental. A Pacific Coast form has large branched heads.
E. glaucus, Regel. A glaucous-leaved, dense, cespitose, hardy perennial grass 3-4 ft. high, with very short, smooth leaves and erect, elongated spikes: spikelets in 2's, erect, usually 5-flowered, densely villous-pubescent, short-awned. Turkestan. - Rarely in cult, as an ornamental grass.
P. B. Kennedy. A. S. Hitchcock.†