(perhaps a personal name). Compositie. Flower-garden herbs, perennial or annual, with orange or scarlet bloom.

Related to Senecio (to which some authors refer it), but always without rays: heads rather small, the involucre very simple and cup-shaped, with no small outer scales; style-branches long or short: achenes with 5 acute ciliate angles: florets all perfect. - A dozen or more species have been described from warm parts of Africa, Asia to China, Polynesia and Amer. One species in common cultivation.

Flammea

Cass. (E. sagittata, DC. E. sonchifolia, Hort., not DC. E. sonchifolia, Linn., variety sagittata, Clarke. Cacalia coccinea, Sims, B.M. 564. C. sonchv-fblia, Hort., not Linn. C. sagittata, Vahl. Senecio sagil-tatus, Hoffm.). Tassel-Flower. Flora's Paint-Brush. A neat annual, erect, 1-2 ft., glabrous or sparsely hairy, the long stems terminated by clusters of small scarlet (golden yellow in the form called Cacalia lutea, Hort.) heads: leaves lance-oblong or ovate-lanceolate, clasping the stem, remotely crenate-dentate: involucre-scales much shorter than the florets. Probably tropics of New World. H.F. 7:50. - This much-named annual is one of the commonest garden flowers It is of the easiest cult, in any good soil. Blooms from July until frost, if sown as soon as weather is settled. Two species are sometimes recognized in this variable group, - E. sagittata, DC, with involucre shorter than the flowers, and E. sonchifolia, DC, involucre as long as the flowers

E. purpurea, Cass. (E. sonchifolia, DC., not Hort. Cacalia sonchifolia, Linn. Senecio sonchifolius, Moench). Radical leaves often more or less lyrate, stem - leaves broader and clasping, the heads fewer in the cluster and the involucre-scales nearly as long as the florets. Apparently not in cult, in this country. L H B