(Greek, enduring flower; the persistent corollas retain their shape when dry). Hydro-phyllacese. A half-dozen low annual herbs from western North America, of which the most interesting species was introduced to cultivation in 1892, under the name of California yellow- or golden-bells.

Diffuse, depressed or erect: leaves mostly alternate: flowers yellow or cream-color, the corolla campanulate and persistent; corolla-lobes 5; stamens 5; style 2-cut. The species named below belongs to a section of the genus, with calyx-lobes broader downward, and coarsely pitted seeds. All the others have the calyx-lobes broader upward and the seeds more or less wrinkled transversely.


Benth. California Yellow- or Golden-Bells. Somewhat sticky, with long or short soft hairs: leaves pinnatifid, lobes numerous, short, somewhat toothed or sharply cut: ovules about 16; seeds 1 line long. Calif. G.C. III. 11:339. - It grows 9-12 in. high, forming bushy plants, each branch loaded with broadly bell-shaped, pendulous, unwithering flowers, about 1/2in. long, of creamy yellow. The general effect of a branch suggests the lily-of-the-valley, but the foliage is pinnatifid. Wilhelm Miller.