: Piper.


(Dr. Geo. Engelmann, eminent botanist of stem Louis, died 1884). Composite. One yellow-flowered herb, E. pinnatifida, Torr. & Gray, allied to Parthenium and Silphium, Kans. to La., Ariz, and Mex., that is likely to be planted in wild gardens. It grows a foot or two high, in dry places, from a stout perennial root, branching above, hirsute, with alternate and radical deeply pinnatifid leaves, and corymbose heads of golden yellow flowers on slender and naked peduncles: involucre hemispherical, somewhat double; receptacle flat and chaffy; ray-flowers 8-10, pistillate and fertile, the rays 1/2in- or more long; disk-flowers perfect and sterile: achene obovate, wingless, ribbed, with a persistent pappus-crown.


(name refers to the 9 crests on the style). Iridaceae. A very recently described genus of one species, E. amazonicus, N. E. Br., differing from Tigridia in the 3 style-branches being 3-crested rather than bifid or subulate. The perianth-segments are free, unequal and clawed, the exterior ones much the larger, the blades of all of them more or less reflexed; stamens 3, the filaments connate into a tube. The bulb of the single known speeies is abut 1 in: long, ovoid: leaves linear-lanceolate, about 4 the upper one about 2 in. long and the others 6-12 in.: flowers about 1 1/2 in. across, blue-violet with pale brown claws and a white spot at the base of the blade of the inner segments Brazil; apparently not in the trade.


(Greek, complete; the stamens all fertile, a distinguishing feature). Tiliaceae. A shrub or small tree from New Zeal., introduced in S. Calif. Leaves large, alternate, 5-7-nerved, cordate at base, toothed or crenate, stellate-pubescent: flowers white, 1 in. across, in terminal cymes; sepals 4-5; petals 4-5; stamens numerous, free; ovary 4-6-celled; cells many-ovuled; style simple: fruit a globose bristly loculicidal caps.


R. Br. Attaining 20 ft.: the heart-shaped outline of the If. broken on each side, about two-thirds of the way toward the tip, by a projection or lobe 1/2in. long or nearly as long as the tip of the If.; blade 6-9 in. long, 4 in. wide, doubly serrate. New Zeal. B.M. 2480. - Eaten by horses and cattle in New Zeal. Allied to Sparmannia, Aristotelia and Elaeocarpus.

L. H. B


(Greek, eastern poppy). Papaveraceae. Herbaceous perennial, with white flowers on a slender-branching scape.

Rhizomatous, with radical leaves, glabrous: "mono-typic, intermediate between Stylophorum and San-guinaria, differing from both in the scapose habit, racemose flowers and sepals confluent in a membranous, boat-shaped spathe, and further from Stylophorum in the form of the leaves and color of the flowers, and from San-guinaria in the 4 petals and elongate style" (Hooker).


Hance. Rootstock creeping, ascending, full of yellow sap: leaves all from the root; stalks twice as long as the blades; blades 3-6 in. long, heart-shaped, concave, broadly sinuate, rounded at the apex, bright pale green above, almost glaucous beneath: scape 1 ft. or more high, reddish; flowers 2 in. across, white; petals 4. Spring; hardy near New York City. E. China. B.M.

6871 Wilhelm Miller.