This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
22. ciliare, Linn. Fig. 1398. Pseudobulbs clavate, 4-6 in.: leaves 4-6 in., springing from sheathing bract: peduncles 5-7-flowered; flowers yellowish green; lip white. tropical Amer., between 5th and 20th parallel of north latitude. B.R. 784. - Plant resembles a cattleya. Intro, to cult, in 1790.
Fig. 1398. Epidendrum ciliare. (X 1/7) bb. stems thickened into pseudobulbs.
dd. Lip not fringed. E. Flowers vermilion.
23. aurantiacum, Batem. Once classed in the separate group of Epicladium, now often accepted as a species of Cattleya, where it was first referred by Don. The plant grows with, and much resembles Cattleya Skinneri. Flowers 1 1/2 in. across, orange-red, appearing in Feb. and March and lasting several weeks. Guatemala. Gt. 5:130.
ee. Flowers not vermilion.
p. The lip deeply 3-lobed, the middle lobe long and lanceolate.
24. falcatum, Lindl. (E. Parkinsonianum, Hook.). Pseudobulbs thin, rising from running rhizomes, monophyllous: leaves 6-12 in., fleshy, channeled on one side: peduncles 2-5, sheathed, 1-flowered; flowers 5 in. across, greenish yellow; lip white, greenish at apex. Mex. to Guatemala. B.M. 3778. G.C. III. 44:378. - Plants grow inverted.
ff. The lip not as in f.
25. venosum, Lindl. Butterfly Orchid. Scape 1 ft., with white sheaths: leaves 3, 4-6 in. long, linear-lanceolate: scape tumid at base, 5-7-flowered; flowers pink, chocolate and green, about 1 in. long, lasting a long time. On oaks, etc., Mex. - Of easy cultivation The Fla. representative of this species is E. tampense, Lindl. See 9th Rept. Mo. Bot. Gard. 137, pis. 38, 39.
26. fragrans, Swartz. Pseudobulbs fusiform, monophyllous, 3-4 in.: leaves 8-12 in.: flowers inverted, 2 in. diam., very fragrant, pale greenish or whitish; lip crimson-streaked. Guatemala, through the W. Indies to N. Brazil. B.M. 1669.
27. cochleatum, Linn. Pseudobulbs 3-4 in.: leaves 6 in.: racemes 4-7-flowered; flowers 3-4 in. across, greenish white; lip deep purple beneath, light green above, with maroon blotch on each side, column white. tropical Amer, from Fla. to Colombia. B.M. 572. - introduced 1787; first epiphytical orchid to flower in England.
Garden hybrids: E. Berkeleyi (E. Stamfordianum XE. O'Brien-ianum). - E. Burtonii (E. O'Brienianum X E. ibaguense). - E. Clarrissa superbum (E. elegantulum X E. Wallisii). - E. dellense (E. xanthinum X E. radicans). - E. elegantulum (E. Wallisii X E. Endresio-Wallisii). G.C. III. 19:361. - E. Endresio-Wallisii. - E. kewense (E. evectum x E. xanthinum). - E. O'Brienianum (E. evec-tumxE. radicans). G.C. 111.3:771. - E. Phoebus (E. O'Brienianum XE. vitellinum). - E. radicanti-Stamfordidnum. - E. radico-vitel-linum. - E. Wallisio-cilidre. - E. xantho-radicans.
Euepidendrum: E. arachnoglossum, Andro. stems 4-5 ft.: flowers rich purple-lilac; lip fringed, with orange calli. Colombia. R.H. 1882:554. - E. Claesianum, Cogn. stems up to 2 ft. tall: racemes numerous, pendulous; flowers pure white. Colombia. G.C. III. 29:70. - E. cnemidophorum, Lindl. stems 4-6 ft.: racemes ample, drooping; flowers purple, brown and yellow, fragrant. Guatemala, 7,000 ft. B.M. 5656. - E. conopseum, R. Br. Scape few- to many-fid.: leaves 1-3, thick: flowers green, tinged with purple, the sepals spatulate and revolute, the petals narrower and obtuse. S. Fla. and S. Once offered by Reasoner. - E. Cooperianum, Batem. stems 2-3 ft.: flowers yellow-green; lip bright purple. Brazil. B.M. 5654. - E. costatum, Rich. & Gal. Raceme nodding; flowers about 1 in. across, the sepals and petals reddish brown, the lip whitish, purple-marked. Mex. G.C. III. 44:425. - E. declpiens, Lindl. Flowers orange or vermilion. Colombia. - E. Ellisii, Rolfe. Flowers carmine-rose, very handsome. Colombia. E. fulgens, Brongn. Flowers orange-scarlet, in crowded racemes. Guiana to Brazil. - E. gracilis, Lindl., was once offered by John Saul. - E. ibaguense, HBK. stems 2-3 ft.: flowers orange-scarlet; lip yellow.
Colombia to Peru, 4,500 ft. - E. Lambeaudanum, De Wild. Sepals and petals whitish, the lip claret. G.C. III. 44:228. - E. myridnthum, Lindl. stems 3-5 ft.: enormous panicles of rich purple flowers; lip with 2 yellow calli. Guatemala. B.M. 5556. - E. noc-turnum, Linn. stems 2-3 ft.: peduncles 8-10-flowered; flowers white and yellowish, 5 in. across, very fragrant. S. Fla. and Mex. to Peru and W. Indies. B.M. 3298. Once offered by Reasoner. - E. palpigerum, Reichb. f. Flowers beautiful lilac. Mex. - E. Pfavii, Rolfe. stems 4-6 ft. high: flowers light purple; lip with white disk, in numerous racemes. Costa Rica. - E. Pseudepidendrum, Reichb. f. stems 2-3 ft.: flowers 3 in. diam., green; lip orange-red and yellow. Cent. Amer., 4,000 ft. B.M. 5929. - E. raniferum, Lindl. stems 2-3 ft.: flowers yellow-green, thickly spotted with purple. Mex. to Guiana. B.R. 28:42. - E. rigidum, Jacq., was once catalogued by Reasoner. - E. Schom-burgkii, Lindl. stems 2-3 ft.: flowers vermilion. Guiana, Brazil, Quito. B.R. 24:53. - E. stenopitalum. Hook. stems up to 2 ft.: flowers 1 1/2 in. across, rosy mauve, the lip with a white blotch. Jamaica. B.M. 3410. - E. syringothyrsis, Reichb. f. stems 4-5 ft.: flowers deep purple; lip and column with orange and yellow, crowded in long racemes.
Bolivia, 8,000-9,000 ft. B.M. 6145. - E. Wallisii, Reichb. f. stems 4-6 ft.: flowers yellow, some purple spots; lip orange and purple, upon white ground. Colombia. 4,000-7,000 ft. Has lateral as well as terminal racemes.
Encyclium: E. advena, Reichb. f. Flowers yellow, veined brown; lip yellowish white, purple-streaked. Brazil. - E. alatum, Batem. Flowers 2 in. across, purple and green; lip yellowish, streaked with purple, fragrant. Cent. Amer. B.M. 3898. - E. bifidum, Aubl. Flowers pale green, dotted with purple; lip rose, orange and white. W. Indies, Guiana. B.R. 1879. - E. Friderici-Guilielmi, Warsc. & Reichb. f. Bulbs 4-5 ft.: flowers dark purple; base of lip white and yellow. Peru, 6,000-8.000 ft. I.H. 18:48. - E. gallopatinum, Reichb. f. Flowers brown in large racemes; lip yellow. Brazil. - E. oncidioides, Lindl. Panicles up to 6 ft. long; flowers yellow and brown, sweetscented. Stately species. Guiana. B.R. 1G23. - E. phoeeniceum, Lindl. Panicles 2-3 ft.; flowers deep purple, mottled green; lip rich violet, stained crimson. Handsome. Cuba. - F. virgatum, Lindl. Scape up to 7 ft. high; flowers small, up to 20, greenish, stained brown. Mex.
Aulizeum: E. variegdtum, Hook. Racemes many-flowered; flowers fragrant; sepals and petals pale yellow, the lip rose or white-and-rose-spotted. S. Amer. B.M. 3151.
Other species mentioned in horticultural literature are: E. campy-lostdlyx, Reichb. f. A curious species with glaucous green pseudo-bulbs and leaves: flowers yellowish tinged with chocolate color. Cent. Amer. - E. Lambda, Lind. Closely allied to E. fragrans. Sepals and petals light salmon-color; lip cream-yellow with violet lines; crest velvety. Colombia. - E. laterale, Hort. Infloresence produced on a rudimentary pseudobulb as in E. Stamfordianum. Cent. Amer. - E. pterocarpum, Lindl. Of diminutive growth, chiefly of botanical interest. Mex. - E. punctiferum, Reichb. f. Flowers in erect spikes, green, the lip spotted with purple. Brazil. - E. purpurachylum, Rodr. "Sepals and petals dull olive-green, tinged with brown; corrugated front lobe of lip deep purple, with whitish yellow margin; flowers fragrant, not unlike violets." - E. sacchardtum, Kranzl. Raceme 15-20-flowered; flowers green, marked with dark brown; lip white, rose-purple at apex. Guiana. - E. Stallforthianum, Kranzl. Sepals and petals dull brown; column ivory-white; flowers have a peculiar and disagreeable odor.
Mex. G.C. III. 51:114. - E. tripunctatum, Lindl. Intro, in 1881 and now reappearing in cultivation
George Hansen. George V. Nash.†