(Greek, epipegnuo; it 'coagulates milk). Orchidaceae. Hardy terrestrial orchids of minor value.

Leafy orchids with creeping rootstocks and un-branched stems: leaves ovate or lanceolate, with plaited veins: flowers purplish brown, nearly white or tinged red; lower bracts often longer than the flowers; sepals free, spreading, nearly as large as the petals; lip free, deeply concave at base, without callosities, narrowly constricted and somewhat jointed in the middle, the upper portion dilated, petaloid. - Ten or a dozen species in the north temperate zone. The first mentioned may be secured through dealers in native western and Japanese

Slants; the second is listed in the American edition of a Dutch catalogue. For other definitions of the name Epipactis, see Goody era.

Royleana, Lindl. (E. gigantea, Douglas). Stout, 1-4 ft. high: leaves from ovate below to narrowly lanceolate above, 3-8 in. long: flowers 3-10, greenish, strongly veined with purple. June, July. Wash, to Santa Barbara, east to S. Utah and W. Texas, on banks of streams. Also Himalayas. introduced 1883. Mn. 8:145.

atrorubens, Schult. (E. rubiginbsa, Crantz). Leaves often reddish: flowers and ovary dark purple; lip oval, acute, or slightly notched; bracts equaling the flowers or rarely longer. July-Sept. Eu., W. Asia. l H. B.


Epiphronitis is a bigeneric orchid hybrid of Epi-dendrum and Sophronitis, for a picture of which see R.H. 1896:476. It has about 10 flowers, chiefly a brilliant scarlet, set off with bright yellow. Gt. 46, p. 555.

Veitchii, Hort. (Epidendrum radicans x Sophronitis grandiflora). Flowers like those of Epidendrum radicans, which it much resembles in habit, but the parts all broader. CO. 1. George V. Nash.