This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Greek, woolly cluster). Rosacea, subfamily Pomeae. Small tree, grown for its handsome large foliage and also for its edible acid fruits.
Evergreen trees or shrubs: leaves alternate, short-petioled or nearly sessile, dentate, with strong veins running straight to the teeth: flowers in terminal, broad panicles; calyx-lobes 5, acute; petals 5, oval or sub-orbicular, clawed; stamens 20; styles 2-5, connate below; ovary inferior, 2-5-celled; cells 2-ovuled: fruit a pome with persistent incurved calyx-teeth, thin endo-carp and 1 or few large, ovoid or angular seeds. - About 10 species in the warmer regions of China, Japan, Himalaya and S. Asia. Closely related to Photinia, from which it differs chiefly in the larger fruit with thin endocarp and few large seeds and in the leaves having straight veins ending in the teeth. The only species known in cult, is E. japonica, an evergreen tree with large ornamental foliage, comparatively inconspicuous white fragrant flowers in terminal rusty-woody clusters, followed by large pear-shaped yellow fruits It can be cult, only in warmer temperate regions, and if protected during the winter, maybe grown as far north as Philadelphia; does not seem to be exacting as to the soil.
Prop, by seeds.
Lindl. (Photinia japanica, Gray). Loquat. Fig. 1416. Small tree, to 20 ft.: leaves thick, evergreen, nearly sessile, oval-oblong or obovate, remotely toothed, bright green and lustrous above, rusty-tomentose below, 6-10 in. long: panicles 4-7 in. long; flowers white, 1/2in. across, nearly hidden in the rusty-woolly pubescence: fruit pear-shaped, yellow, about 1 1/2 in. long, with few large seeds, of agreeable acid flavor. Sept., Oct.; fruit April-June. Japan, China. B.R. 365. G.C. III. 26:660 (suppl.); 52:318. H.U. 3, p. 97. A.G. 1891, pp. 19,370. G.W. 3, p. 439; 8, p. 314. - The loquat is native to China and Japan, but is much planted in the Gulf states and westward. It blooms from Aug. until the approach of winter, and ripens its clustered fruit in very early spring. The fruit is often seen in northern markets. It is a profuse bearer in congenial climates. See Loquat. Loquat is an excellent decorative plant, either as an evergreen lawn tree south of Charleston, or as a pot-plant in the N. It is a most satisfactory conservatory subject, resisting uncongenial conditions. variety variegata, Hort. Leaves variegated with irregular markings of pale green, dark green and white.
Fig. 1416. Loquat. (X 3/4