Erythrocaete, Or Erythrochaeton

: Ligularia japonica.


: Euphorbia. The E. cristata of the trade is probably the cristate form of Euphorbia lactea or similar species.


This name is applied by the Jews to a citron (Citrus Medica, Linn.), which is imported and used by them for religious ceremonies connected with the Feast of the Tabernacles. The etrog and the lulab (palm leaf with myrtle and willow branches) are carried and waved during the services, especially those of thanksgiving. Since the time of the anti-Jewish demonstrations in Corfu in 1891, the etrog is imported more largely from Palestine than from that island. In addition to the use of the etrog by orthodox Jews for religious ceremonials, the natives of Palestine make salads of the fruit. See Citron.

Walter T. Swingle.


: Miscanthus.


(a diminutive of Eulophia). Orchi-dacese. Orchids in habit resembling a small cyrtopodium.

Flowers in many-flowered racemes; sepals and petals similar, concave; lip 3-lobed, spurless; column with a curved foot; pollinia 2. - Species 2. They require the conditions and treatment given Cyrtopodium.

Elisabethae, Hook. Leaves nearly 2 ft. long, plicate: scape stout; raceme many-flowered; flowers about 1 1/2 in. across; sepals and petals white, the former marked with rose on the outside; lip white with a golden disk. Madagascar. B.M. 7387. G.C. III. 45:407. CO. 1. O.R. 6: 177; 20:137.

Peetersiana, Kranzl. Bulbs 1 ft. long: raceme dense; flowers nearly 3 in. across, rose-purple; lip with a golden blotch. Madagascar. G.M. 51:267. C.O. 2. O.R. 6: frontispiece; 20:138.

E. Hamelinii, Rolfe. Resembling E. Peetersiana in habit but leaves narrower and flowers smaller. Madagascar.

George V. Nash.


: Evonymus.


(Greek for hilarity or delight). Scroph-ulariaccse. Eyebright. More than 100 low herbs, of no special horticultural value although some of them are mentioned in connection with alpine-gardening. They are more or less parasitic on roots of other plants: leaves opposite, dentate or incised: flowers small, largely whitish or purplish, in terminal leafy spikes; calyx mostly 4-cleft; corolla 2-lipped; stamens 4, didynamous, ascending under the upper lip: caps, oblong, many-seeded, dehiscent. The species range in temperate and cold parts of the globe, several of them being N. American.


: Ferula.


(Greek-made name, of no particular application). Amaryllidaceae. Two south hemisphere tunicated - bulbous plants, allied to Hymenocallis and Pancratium. Flowers white or whitish, umbellate on peduncles 12-18 in. long; perianth - tube cylindrical, the segments oblong-lanceolate, ascending and nearly equal; stamens inserted in the throat of the tube: leaves broad and stalked, with prominent curving veins and interlocking yeinlets. E. sylvestris, Salisb. (E. amboin-ensis, Loud.).' Brisbane Lily. Scapes 1-2 ft., bearing an umbel of 10-40 handsome, creamy white flowers (2 in. across): leaves round-cordate, with a very short, blunt point; blooms in May and June in Eu., the leaves appearing later. B.M. 1419 (as Pancratium amboinense). B.R. 715 (as Pancratium australasicum). R.H. 1879, p. 456 and p. 457 (as E. australasica); 1913. p. 111. G.W. 11, p. 583. G.Z. 24, p. 25. Malaya, Philippines, N. Austral. - Cult, apparently as for pancratiums.

L. H. B