This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
Jarrah. Tall tree under favorable conditions, often low: bark persistent and somewhat fibrous or flaking off in strips: leaves lanceolate, 3-6 in. long; veins widely spreading: peduncles sometimes a little flattened; lid oblong-conical, longer than calyx-tube; stamens 3-4 lines long, all fertile, the outer not inflexed in bud; anthers cordate-reniform, opening by divergent slits: fruit subglobose, narrowed to the stalk, 1/2in. or more thick, hard, and smooth. April, May. F.v.M. Eucal. 7:5. - Valuable hardwood tree requiring a warm climate : not yet a success in Amer. Timber easily worked, takes a fine polish, not attacked by teredo, almost incombustible: used in England for street-paving and in Austral, for piles, underground work, telegraph-poles, ties, flooring, shingles, and general construction.
Tall tree: bark persistent throughout, fibrous: foliage dense and shady: lid hemispheric; anthers cordate, opening by divergent slits: fruit globular-urnshaped, scarcely 1/2in.. thick, 3-celled. F.v.M. Eucal. 3:1. - A "stringybark:" will grow well on sandy soil. Timber very tough: suitable for tool-handles: little known.
(E. conoidea, Benth.). Small tree: bark rough, reddish: leaves lanceolate, 1-3 in. long, thick and shining; veins very oblique, obscure: flowers 2-3, red, distinctly stalked in the usually recurved umbels; lid hemispheric, acute; stamens about 1/2in. long, raised above the border of the calyx by the thick disk; anthers oblong, opening by longitudinal slits: fruit top-shaped, truncate, 4-6 lines across; rim raised above the calyx-border, showing externally as a smooth ring. Spring. F.v.M. Eucal. 8:2. - A highly ornamental species of recent introduced
(E. gracilipes, Naudin). White Ironbark. Fig. 1431. Tall tree, usually branching below: bark mostly deciduous in irregular strips, smooth, pale: juvenile leaves ovate-lanceolate, sessile; adult leaves narrow-lanceolate, grayish or dull green: flowers 2-5, mostly 3, long-stalked, white or rarely pink; lid semi-ovate, pointed, about as long as calyx-tube; stamens very unequal, outer ones often 1/2in. long and usually sterile; anthers truncate, opening by apical pores; stigma much dilated: fruit obovoid, truncate, scarcely contracted at orifice, 4-5 lines across; rim thick. Nov-April. F.v.M. Eucal. 1:4. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 56 (figs. 1-12). R.H. 1901, p. 500. - Grows best near the coast and where there is plenty of rain but will endure considerable drought and poor soil: withstands minimum temperatures of 15-20°. Valuable bee tree, yielding an excellent honey. Timber superior to that of almost any other eucalypt for certain purposes: hard and durable, pale brown or white: used in carpentry and wheelwrights' work; also for ax-handles, railroad-ties, and underground work.
The form with pink flowers is highly ornamental. variety purpurea, Hort., has bright purple flowers
Fig. 1431. Eucalyptus leucoxylon (X 1/2). No. 74.
(E. leucoxylon variety sideroxy-lon, Auct.). Red Ironbark. Characters mostly as in E. leucoxylon: usually not branched below: bark persistent, rough, dark red or black: juvenile leaves linear-lanceolate; adult leaves green: flowers white or yellowish except in the vars. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 55 (figs. 5-13). - Wood dark brown or reddish, otherwise similar to that of E. leucoxylon and climatic requirements the same.
Variety rosea, Hort. (E. leucdxylon variety rosea, Hort.). Leaves green: flowers rose-colored. Dec-June. - A handsome form and profuse bloomer, distinguished from the pink form of E. leucoxylon by the rough dark-colored bark. variety pallens, Auct. (E. leucdxylon variety pallens, Benth. E. leucoxylon variety pallida, Hort.). Leaves silvery gray, not very coriaceous: flowers red. - A profuse bloomer.
Wollybutt. Medium-sized or tall tree: bark of old trunks per-sistent, gray, rough or wrinkled, somewhat fibrous: leaves elongated-lanceolate : flowers long-stalked; lid broadly conical, acute, pale; stamens fully 1/2in. long, inflected in the bud, all perfect; anthers ovate - oblong, opening by parallel slits; stigma not dilated : fruit bell-shaped or turbi-nate, truncate, angular, about 1/2in. thick; rim prominent, ascending. F.v.M. Eucal. 2:4. - Flowering almost continuously: valuable for bees.
E. annulata, Benth. Shrub or small tree with characters of E. cornuta, except as follows: leaves narrow-lanceolate, acuminate: lid 6-8 lines long, usually incurved: fruit depressed-globose, 4-5 lines thick, the convex rim protruding as a thick rim. - E. Bosistoana, F. v. M. Next to E. pilularis in the key but perhaps related to E. melliodora. Leaves narrow-lanceolate, copiously dotted, of equal color on both sides; veins very divergent: flowers few and pedicelled in the umbels; peduncles somewhat compressed; lid fully as long as tube, narrow-hemispheric: fruit small, with narrow rim; valves inclosed. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 49 (figs. 1-4). - E. californica, used by Abbot Kinney in his book entitled "Eucalyptus," has not been recognized by botanists: also listed as E. occidentalis variety californica, Kinney. - E. cinerea, F. v. M. Related to E. viminalis. Bark persistent, fibrous: leaves oppsite, sessile, cordate, more or less white-mealy: flowers 3-7, pedicellate: fruit 3 lines thick, with protruding valves. - E. dealbdta, A. Cunn. Small tree, near E. viminalis: leaves glaucous, often broad and obtuse: flowers 3-6, small: fruit - rim flat; valves protruding even before they open.
Cult. in Cuba. - E. Deanei, Maiden. Very close to E. saligna; distinguished chiefly by its broad sucker leaves - E. Foeld Bay (?), Naudin, is a horticultural form either of E. rostrata or of E. tereticornis: branchlets pendulous. - E. jugalis, Naudin, is a cult. form not yet identified. - E. Maidenii, F.v.M. Appearance and bark of E. goniocalyx but peculiar warty buds and caps of E. globulus: branchlets quadrangular. - E. McClatchie, Kinney, is a horticultural name for the large-fid. form of E. Gunnii variety acervula. - E. miniata, A. Cunn. Placed after E. ficifolia in the key: flowers sessile in simple umbels, brilliant orange-color: fruit truncate-ovate, nearly 2 in. long. F.v.M. Eucal. 6:4. - E. Mortoniana, Kinney, is a horticultural species probably referable to E. Maideni. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 79 (figs. 13-14); 80 (figs. 1-12). - E. patens, Benth. Next to E. pilularis in the key: peduncles only slightly flattened, bearing 3-7 flowers; lid hemispherical, short-pointed, about half as long as tube: fruit truncate-ovate, 5 lines wide; rim narrow; caps. sunk. F.v.M. Eucal. 9:5. - E. phaceafolia, listed by Rich-ter in Calif. Exp. Sta. Bull. No. 217, p. 1011, is probably a misprint for E. ficifolia. - E. pinnata, a garden name.
J. H. Maiden suggests that Californian specimens under this name may be E. coccifera (Crit. Rev. Eucal., p. 143). - E. rubida, Deane & Maiden. Characters of E. viminalis, but bark always smooth and white, often with reddish patches, and the sucker leaves broad. - E. uncin-ata, Turcz. Near E. decipiens in the key and, like it, a shrub: bark deciduous, smooth: leaves very light green, narrow, copiously dark-dotted; veins fine, widely divergent: filaments kinked; anthers opening by terminal pores: fruit 2-3 fines across; valves little if at all exserted. F.v.M. Eucal. 4:10. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 62. - E. urnigera, Hook. f. Shapely tree with drooping branchlets and glaucous bluish foliage: bark smooth, pale Drown: leaves 2-4 in. long, obtuse: flowers mostly 3 in each umbel; peduncles often recurved: fruit nearly globose but somewhat urn-shaped, 4-5 lines wide: caps, much sunk and valves inclosed. Maiden Crit. Rev. Eucal. 80 (Figs. 13-15).
Other names offered in foreign catalogues are: E. capitellata, E. consideneana, E. delegatensis, E. divas, E. gonipho-cornuta, E. loxophleba, E. paludosa, E. Smithii.
Harvey Monroe Hall.