This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
Medium-sized umbrageous tree, with dense foliage: bark dark, corky, deeply furrowed: leaves ovate-lanceolate, firm and thick; veins nearly parallel and very spreading: flowers large, white or cream-color, rarely pink, in large clusters; lid thin, nearly flat: fruit 1-11/2 in. wide, ovate-urnshaped, very thick and woody; seeds large, black, the edges acute but scarcely winged. July-Oct. B.M. 4036 (as E. splachnicarpa). F. v. M. Eucal. 10:2. G.C. III. 20:661. - Ornamental tree of rather slow growth, not enduring frost or dry atmosphere. Good shade tree for avenues in the coast districts. The fall bloom is valuable for bees. Bark rich in kino. The wood is tough, useful for wheelwrights' work and for building, but not durable underground. The fruits of this and the next have been polished and used for pipe-bowls.
Crimson-flowered Eucalypt. Fig. 1424. Handsome small tree, rarely to 50 ft.: bark dark, furrowed: leaves ovate- lanceolate, firm and thick; veins almost transverse: flowers red, large and in large clusters; lid thin, nearly flat: fruit 1-1 1/2 in. wide, broadly urn-shaped, the walls very woody; border compressed; seeds pale brown or almost red, winged on one end or also along one side. Aug., Sept. F.v.M. Eucal. 7:3. B. M. 7697. G.C. III. 42:376, 377. Gn. 71, p. 441. R.H. 1904:568. - Very ornamental, especially in bloom. Tender and adapted only to the lemon belt; a heat-resisting avenue tree, withstanding drought. The flowers vary from pink to crimson and scarlet and the forms do not come true to seed; grafted plants are now offered in the trade, the bright scarlet shade being generally preferred.
Fig. 1424. Eucalpytus ficifolia (X 1/3). No. 2.
Blood-wood. Small tree: outer bark persistent, gray and turning somewhat black; inner yellowish or reddish brown; of upper branches smooth and often reddish: leaves lanceolate, somewhat leathery; lateral veins very numerous, fine, parallel and nearly transverse: flowers yellowish white, fragrant, in large corymbs, the peduncles and pedicels long; lid depressed-hemispherical, short-pointed; stamens becoming 5 or 6 lines long: fruit somewhat urn-shaped, about 1/2in. wide. Aug. - Dec. F.v.M. Eucal. 5:2. - Tree suitable only for the coast districts. Wood brown or red, durable, and serviceable underground or in water, but rendered inferior by the many gum veins. (Ingham.)
Mountain Bloodwood. Large tree: bark scaly, brownish or yellowish, smooth only on the younger branches: leaves falcate-lanceolate, thick; lateral veins parallel and widely spreading but scarcely visible: flowers sessile, in small heads of a panicle, the peduncles angular or flattened; lid nearly hemispherical, pointed; stamens 3-4 lines long: fruit urn-shaped, with thin rim, about 1/2in- wide through the middle. Oct. - June. F.v.M. Eucal. 9:2. - A stately species with abundant showy bloom. Wood soft; useful only for fuel.
Spotted Gum. Handsome tree, to 150 ft., the foliage mostly near the summit: bark smooth, whitish or reddish gray, deciduous in patches, thus exposing lighter areas and giving the trunk a spotted appearance: leaves lanceolate; veins parallel, rather oblique to the midrib: lid hemispheric, double; flowers short-stalked; stamens 4-5 lines long: fruit globular-urnshaped, thin-rimmed, scarcely 1/2in. thick. May-July. F.v.M. Eucal. 3:4. Hook. Icon. 619. Maiden, For. Flower N.S.W. 7:27. - Timber valuable for shipbuilders and used especially in coach factories and for handles; wood hard, light-colored, close-grained: growth fairly rapid.
Variety citrioddra, Bailey (E. citriodbra, Hook.). Lemon-scented Gum. Like the species but foliage strongly lemon-scented. - A favorite ornamental tree in the warmer parts of Calif.: subject to frost: young plants useful for window or cool greenhouse cultivation The oil is clear white and of a pleasing, penetrating odor, used especially as a perfume for soap.
Red Box. Australian Beech. Well-branched often irregular and picturesque tree, 40-150 ft.: bark brown or gray, persistent, rough on old trees: leaves orbicular to ovate, mostly 2-4 in. long by 1 1/2_3 in. wide, rarely oval-lanceolate and scarcely 1 in, wide, dull and grayish green on both sides: flowers small, white, stalked, in close panicles; stamens 1 or 2 lines long, the outer ones sterile: fruit goblet-shaped, not contracted at orifice, 2-3 lines across, the valves not exserted. Jan. - April. F.v.M. Eucal. 3:9. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 58, 59 (figs. 1-3). - Useful for ornamental planting, because of its spreading habit, characteristic silvery foliage, and profuse bloom; also for windbreaks, for fuel, and for bees: timber exceedingly hard and durable, but stems become hollow in age in Austral. A drought- and heat-resistant species: endures minimum temperatures of 15-20°: of only fairly rapid growth.
Poplar Box. Compact straight-growing tree: bark rough to the branchlets: leaves ovate or roundish, rarely lanceolate, 4 in. or less long, very lustrous and intensely green on both sides: flowers small, white, on very short stalks, the umbels paniculate; stamens 1-2 lines long, all fertile: fruit very small, semi-ovate, the valves inclosed. Hook. Icon. 879. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 58 (figs. 11-18). - Probably as useful and adapted to as wide a variety of conditions as the closely related E. polyanthemos.