This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(E. cornuta variety symphio-carpa, Auct. E. macrocera, Turcz.). Perhaps only a form of E. cornuta: leaves more often short and obtuse: fruit half immersed in the receptacle, forming a solid woody mass. June-Oct.
26. platypus, Hook. (E. obcordata, Turcz.). Tall shrub or small tree: bark smooth, grayish: leaves petioled, oval to obcordate, very obtuse, 1- 2 1/2 in. long, leathery and shining: peduncles winged, recurved; flowers dull red or yellowish white, not conspicuous; lid conic-cylindric, much narrower than the prominently angled calyx-tube; stamens 1/2 -3/4in. long: fruit truncate-ovate, very angular, 4-7 lines thick. F.v.M. Eucal. 7:6. Hook. Icon. 849.
Flat-topped Yate. Spreading shrub or medium-sized tree: bark deciduous, smooth, or somewhat persistent and rough: leaves lanceolate, acuminate, 1 1/2-5 in. long: lid cylindric-conic, 1/2 - 3/4in. long; stamens yellowish or orange, 1/2-3/4in. long: fruit bell-shaped, with spreading rim, 5 lines wide; valves exserted, sharp. Oct. - May. F.v.M. Eucal. 6:5. - Suited to the coast districts; subject to frost.
Small glaucous tree with smooth white bark: leaves lanceolate, thick and shining, often tipped by a slender curved mucro: flowers nearly sessile, in close terminal clusters; calyx prominently angled; lid very short and flat, rugose; stamens about 3 lines long, all perfect; anthers reniform, opening by divergent slits: fruit obovoid-truncate, 4-6 lines across. B.M. 4637. G.C. II. 12:113; 13:395; 111.2:787, 789; 3:799, 801; 9:169. Gn. 71 p. 591. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 28 (figs. 3-5). - A high-mountain form compared by some to E. amygdalina but recognized by the depressed lid and longer calyx. Of value as an ornamental: a very hardy species suitable for the foothill districts.
Shrub or small tree with stringy bark: leaves lanceolate, thick and shining: calyx not angled; lid conical, granular-roughened, as also the tube; stamens scarcely 2 lines long; anthers reniform, opening by pores which extend into oblong slits: fruit globose-truncate, smooth, 3-6 lines across. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 43 (figs. 1, 2).
Variety stricta, Maiden (E. stricta, Sieb.). Leaves linear or linear-lanceolate: lid often shortly pointed. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 43 (figs. 12-17). F.v.M. Eucal. 10:9 B.M. 7074.
Variety obtusiflora, Maiden (E. obtusiflora, DC). Leaves rather broad: lid depressed-hemispheric, very obtuse. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 43 (figs. 3-11).
Large tree: bark smooth, mottled, with a few ribbony flakes near the butt: leaves lanceolate, usually oblique at base, falcate, coriaceous: flowers pedicelled, clavate in bud; lid very short; stamens 2-3 lines long; anthers of the perfect ones reni-form, opening by short divergent slits: fruit ovate-truncate, with reddish rim, 3-4 lines across; valves sometimes slightly protruding, but soon deciduous. F.v.M. Eucal. 2:3. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 46 (figs. 10-17), 47 (figs. 1-18). - Said to thrive on poor, sandy soil: perhaps not suited to dry interior valleys. Timber of inferior quality.
Scarcely distinguishable from E. haemastoma save by the bark, which on the trunk is furrowed, becoming dark, rugged, and stringy: foliage emits a slight peppermint-like odor when crushed in the warm hand. F.v.M. Eucal. 2:9. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 45 (figs. 10-15). - Bark yields a very soluble kino.
Mountain Gum. Bastard Box Tree. Tall tree: bark rough, tardily deciduous: leaves lanceolate, usually falcate, of pale color: pedicels very short and angular, or flowers usually sessile; lid conical or hemispherical; stamens about 3 lines long, inflexed in bud; anthers ovate, opening by parallel slits: fruit ovoid-truncate, 3-4 lines across; valves about on a level with the rim. July, Aug. F.v.M. Eucal. 1:3. Maiden, For. Flower N.S.W. 19. - Timber especially esteemed for wheelwrights' work: also used for housebuilding, fence-rails, railroad-ties, and so on: excellent for fuel. Grows well in the coast districts of S. Calif. A promising species for the mountains of the S. W., at moderate altitudes.
Bundy. Small or medium-sized tree: bark fibrous and matted throughout: leaves lanceolate, elongated: flowers sessile; calyx-tube with 2-4 prominent angles; lid shortly pointed or hemispherical; stamens about 3 lines long: fruit ovoid-truncate. - A recently introduced species related to E. goniocalyx but with plainly exserted valves and thicker, flatter peduncles. Aside from shape of buds and peduncles it resembles E. Stuartiana.
Tall handsome tree: bark rough, furrowed, persistent on trunks: leaves lanceolate, acuminate with very diverging parallel veins, paler beneath: flowers sessile or nearly so; lid variable; stamens about 3 lines long, inflected in the bud; anthers ovoid-oblong, with parallel cells: fruit obovoid-oblong, slightly contracted at orifice, 4-5 lines long, 3-4 lines wide; valves wholly inclosed. Sept., Oct. F.v.M. Eucal. 4:2. - This tree has beautiful dark green horizontal foliage. Useful for windbreaks and as a shade tree. Suited to the coast districts only. Timber hard, tough, and durable; used in Austral, especially for felloes.
Swamp Mahogany. Handsome symmetrically branched tree of moderate height: bark of trunk persistent, rough, dark brown; of the branches reddish: leaves oval-lanceolate, long-pointed, 3-7 in. long, l 1/2 - 3 in. wide, dark green, coriaceous; veins spreading almost at right angles to midrib: lid acute, about as long as calyx-tube; stamens 4-6 lines long; anthers with parallel cells: fruit goblet-shaped, becoming nearly 1/2in. across, the rim thin and caps, much sunk. Oct. - March. F.v.M. Eucal. 7:8. - Formerly much planted in Calif, as a street tree, but the tops break down in strong winds, due to the heavy foliage and brittle wood; now almost discarded for this purpose: a profuse bloomer, especially valuable for bees: wood brittle but durable. Best adapted to moist coast districts but also flourishes in the interior valleys when given sufficient water: suggested for the coast of the Gulf of Mexico in districts free from heavy frosts.