This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
Shrub or small tree, to 120 ft.: bark smooth, white: leaves oblong-lanceolate, rather obtuse, 3 in. or less long, not paler beneath: lid conical, acuminate, about twice as long as calyx-tube; stamens 3-4 lines long; anthers opening by parallel slits: fruit obovoid, about 3 lines thick. F.v.M. Eucal. 10:7. - Grows on cold flats of comparatively poor soil in Austral. Timber tough, heavy, and durable; prized for wheelwrights' work.
Blackbutt. Slender tree, averaging 100-150 ft.: bark of trunk persistent, or flaking off above, blackish gray outside, somewhat fibrous and brownish inside; of branches smooth, gray or whitish: leaves mostly lanceolate, falcate, acuminate, 3-6 in. long, rather less shining below than above: lid broadly conical at base, attenuate; stamens 2-3 lines long; anthers reniform, opening by divergent slits: fruit subglobose, truncate, 4-5 lines thick; valves completely inclosed to slightly exserted. F.v.M. Eucal. 3:7. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 1, 3, 4. - Timber strong and durable useful for general building and especially for telegraph poles, posts, and the like: reported as a good honey-producer. Does not thrive in the hot dry interior valleys: subject to extremes of temperature.
Yellow Stringybark. Perhaps only a variety of E. pilularis: bark more fibrous or stringy, the inner bark yellow and imparting a yellow stain to the wood: juvenile leaves often with tufts of hairs; adult leaves glossy above: lid blunt or slightly pointed: fruit typically 6 lines thick. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 2, 38 (in part). - Forms with scarcely flattened peduncles approach E. eugenioides.
(E. tridntha, Linn. E. pilularis variety acmenioides, Benth.). White Mahogany Gum. Tall tree: bark persistent and fibrous on trunk and branches: leaves paler beneath, sinuate: peduncles not much compressed, slender; pedicels sometimes 2 or 3 lines long: fruit not exceeding 3 or 4 lines in diam.; rim thin: otherwise as in E. pilularis. F.v.M. Eucal. 10:1. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 42. - Grows in poor, well-drained soil in Austral. Timber heavy, strong, and durable; good for palings, rails and floorboards.
Tallow-wood Gum. Tall tree: bark persistent, wrinkled: leaves broadly lanceolate, acuminate, thin, copiously dotted with oil-glands, much paler and opaque beneath: flowers distinctly pedicelled, the buds club-shaped; lid depressed-hemispherical; stamens about 3 lines long, outer ones sterile; anthers minute, almost heart-shaped, opening by divergent slits: fruit scarcely 2 lines across. F.v.M. Eucal. 2:6. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 41 (figs. 6-9). - Timber yellowish; one of the most valuable after ironbark: strong and durable, under or above ground; used by wheelwrights and for flooring, especially for ballrooms; suitable for this latter purpose because of its greasy nature.
Hickory Gum. Beautiful spreading tree, 100 ft. or more high: bark smooth and dark, thick, the outer deciduous in flakes: leaves thin, narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, lustrous above, slightly paler and marked with oil-dots beneath; lateral veins moderately spreading: peduncles broad, much compressed; pedicels evident, angular, thick; lid ovate-conical; stamens about 3 lines long; anthers opening by parallel slits: fruit 3 or 4 lines wide, not contracted at orifice; valves barely exserted. Aug. - Oct. F.v.M. Eucal. 6:7. - Timber remarkable for its extreme hardness and durability. Grown in S. Calif.; too tender for the San Joaquin Valley.
Tall tree: bark gray and smooth: leaves lanceolate, with close parallel transverse veins, much paler beneath: pedicels very short or flowers usually sessile; lid hemispherical, short, pointed; stamens 2-3 lines long, all fertile; anthers ovate, opening by parallel slits: fruit subglobose-truncate, not contracted at orifice; rim narrow; valves more or less protruding, separated from the rim by a narrow groove. F.v.M. Eucal. 2:8. Maiden, For. Flower N.S.W. 13. - Timber of the best, usually pale red, straight-grained, comparatively easy to work. Prefers rich alluvial soil: probably will not endure severe conditions.
Kino Eucalypt. Red Mahogany. Erect symmetrical tree: bark of trunk persistent, rough, and fibrous; of branches deciduous: leaves lanceolate, thick, and almost leathery; oil-dots quite obscure; veins widely spreading from midrib: lid conical; stamens 4-6 lines long; anthers ovate, opening by parallel slits: fruit about 4 lines wide, not contracted at orifice; valves acute, well exserted. F.v.M. Eucal. 1:9. - Apparently endures both cold and drought better than E. globulus; requires a rather moist climate. Wood strong and durable, red, but bears no real resemblance to true mahogany; not liable to shrink; lasts well underground.
Variety grandifiora, Benth. Flowers larger, the ovoid buds about 4 lines diam.: fruit 4-6 lines wide, with a raised rim.
Peppermint Stringybark. Tall tree: bark of the trunk persistent, gray, rough and fibrous; of the branches smooth: leaves oblique, 2-6 in. long, thin; veins very oblique but obscure; oil-dots copious, transparent: lid broad-conical, acute, about as long as calyx-tube; stamens about 2 lines long; anthers kidney-shaped, opening by divergent slits: fruit globular, ovoid, or urceolate, contracted at orifice, 1/4in. across; rim thin, depressed. F.v.M. Eucal. 3:8. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 45 (figs. 1-9). - The young foliage emits a strong odor of peppermint when bruised.
Closely related to E. piperita but seedlings rough-pubescent: leaves thicker, with more divergent veins and not peppermint-scented: bark strongly fibrous even on the small branches: rim of fruit flat or raised. July, Aug. F.v.M. Eucal. 3:8. Maiden, Crit. Rev. Eucal. 39 (figs. 1, 2), 40 (figs. 2-22).