This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(named in honor of Prince Eugene of Savoy). Myrtaceae. A large group of trees and shrubs, grown chiefly for their ornamental foliage and berries. Many tropical species yield edible fruits which are both eaten out of hand and made into jellies or confections. A number of these have been recently introduced into the warmer parts of the United States, where they give promise of attaining much importance. The clove of commerce belongs to this genus.
Evergreen trees and shrubs: leaves opposite, mostly entire and finely penniveined: flowers white or creamy or the numerous stamens yellowish: fruit a drupe-like berry, usually globular or pear-shaped, 1-5-seeded. Habit and infloresence of Myrtus, which see for cultivation and propogation
A. Flowers solitary on axillary peduncles; petals not united. (Eugenia proper.)
Grumix-ameira of Brazil. Tree, to 50 ft., glabrous or the infloresence obscurely puberulent: leaves oval or obovate-oblong, tapering at base, obtuse, 2 1/2-5 in. long, 1-2 1/2 in-broad: peduncles 1-2 in. long, much exceeding the scales which subtend them: fruit edible, scarlet, black at maturity, the size of a cherry. Brazil. B.M. 4526. R.H. 1845:425. - Cult, in S. Calif. The fruits are candied and eaten in the tropics.
Pitanga. Surinam Cherry. Shrub, 5-20 ft., glabrous: leaves ovate-lanceolate, obtuse at base, glossy, 1-2 in. long, exceeding the peduncles: berry 1/2 - l in. diam., ribbed, resembling a miniature tomato, edible, with a spicy acid flavor. tropical Brazil. R.H. 1889, p. 532. - Hardy in S. Fla. and in S. Calif. Much esteemed for jellies. Useful also as a pot-plant, producing an abundance of showy red fruits
Low shrub, young foliage and branchlets reddish pubescent: leaves elliptic-oblong, acute at base, 1 1/2-3 in. long: berry red, subglobose, obscurely 8-nerved, about 1/2in. diam. S. Brazil and adjacent Argentine. - Intro, into S. Calif, by Franceschi.
Rich., not Bedd. nor Rich, ex Berger (E asperifolia, Berg). Branchlets and infloresence pilose: leaves small, oval, acute, glabrous, longer than the peduncles: fruit unknown. Cuba. - Species other than the true E. microphylla apparently have been introduced under this name.
aa. Flowers in cymes or panicles; petals spreading, not united. (Jambosa. Caryophyllus.)
(E. australis, Wendl. Jambosa myrtifolia, Ndz.). Australian Brush Cherry. Tree, attaining 80 ft., glabrous: leaves oval or oblong-lanceolate, mostly acute, 1 1/2-3 in. long: flowers white: fruit red, ovoid, nearly 1 in. long, with an acid taste. Austral. B.M. 2230. Univ. Calif. Pub. Bot. 4:8. - Hardy in the S. Much used in Calif, as an ornamental tree and for clipped hedges. The foliage is dense and glossy, green when mature, tinged with wine-red on the gracefully spreading young shoots. fruits sometimes used in jelly-making.
Fig. 1433. Flower of rose-apple, Eugenia Jambos. (Natural size.)
(Jambosa vulgaris, DC. Jambosa Jombos, Millsp.). Rose-Apple. Jamrosade. Jambos. Fig. 1433. Tree, 20-30 ft., glabrous: leaves lanceolate, very acuminate, 5-8 in. long, 1-2 in. broad, thick and shining: flowers greenish white: fruit pyriform, l 1/2-2 in. thick, white or yellowish, tinged with rose-color, edible but rather insipid, fragrant. E. Indies. B.M. 1696. Gn. 75, p. 616. - Hardy in Calif, as far north as San Francisco. Grown for its rich foliage and showy flowers fruits much used in the tropics for jelly-making and in confectionery.
(E. macrophylla, Lam., not Berg. Jambosa malaccensis, DC). Large-fruited Rose Apple. Jambos. Glabrous tree: leaves oblong to elliptic, acute, 5-10 in. long, 2-4 in. wide: flowers purple: fruit fragrant, red, obovoid, about 2 in. diam., with applelike flavor. Polynesia. - More tender than E. Jambos, but the foliage more luxuriant and the fruits larger.
(Caryophyllus aromati-cus, Linn. E. caryophyllata, Thunb. Jambosa Caryophyllus, Ndz.). Clove Tree. Leaves ovate-oblong, acute, strongly tapering to the conspicuous petiole, 2-5 in. long, coriaceous, dotted; lateral veins numerous, parallel, the cross-veinlets obscure: flowers in terminal trichotomous cymes, pale purple, only 1/4in. across. Moluccas. - Widely cult, in the tropics. Apparently not suited to even the warmer parts of U. S. The flowers are the cloves of commerce. See Cloves..
aaa. Flowers in cymes or panicles; petals united into a calyptra. (Syzygium.)
(Syzt/gium jambolana, DC). Jambolan, or Jambolan Plum. Tall shrub or tree: leaves broadly oblong, very broad at summit but often shortly apiculate, 2 1/2-5 in. long, l 3/4 - 4 in. wide, thick and shining: berry edible, varying from the size of a cherry to that of a pigeon's egg. E. Indies. - Grown at Santa Barbara, Calif., where, according to Franceschi, the trees become large and flower profusely but never ripen fruit
E. alba, Roxbg., Malaya, may be known by its sessile ovate-oblong leaves and branched peduncles. Intro, into S. Calif, by Franceschi. - E. apiculata, DC, Chile, has oval apiculate leaves shorter than the mostly 1-flowered peduncles, and a pubescent infloresence Gt. 890. Perhaps not now grown in N. Amer. - E. cauliflora, DC, bears flowers and fruits in sessile clusters along the woody branches and the main trunk down nearly to the ground: fruit about 3/4in. diam., purple. Brazil. Intro, by Franceschi, and by U. S. Dept. Agnc. (as Myrciaria cauliflora, Berg). - E. costaricinsis. Berg., Leaves oblong. 2-3 in. long: flowers in sessile axillary umbels; pedicels 1/4in- long: fruit obovoid, glabrous, small. Cent. Amer. - E. edulis, Veil. Branchlets, petioles, and young foliage ferrugineous-pubescent: leaves willow-like, slenderly acuminate: fruit orange-color or yellow, downy, the size of an apple. Brazil. Intro, by Franceschi, and by the the U. S. Dept. Agric. (as Myrciaria edulis, Skeels). Stands drought well. - E. littoralis, Panch. Leaves spatulate, obtuse, subcordate at base: flowers sessile, fasciculate-congested; infloresence pubescent: fruit puberulent, subglobose, about 1/2in. diam., fragrant, sweet to the taste.
New Caledonia. Intro, into Calif. by Franceschi. - E. Liima, Berg=E. apiculata. - E. Mato, Griseb. Leaves ovate, obtuse, about 1 1/2 in. long: flowers solitary on peduncles much shorter than leaves Argentine. Intro, by Franceschi, who describes the fruit as orange-colored, ribbed, and about 1 in. diam., and by the U. S. Dept. Agric. - E. myriophylla, Casar. Growing parts pubescent: leaves mostly ternate, very narrowly linear, 3/4-l 1/2 in. long, much exceeding the solitary peduncles. Brazil. - E. pungens, Berger. Young parts pilose: leaves elliptic-oblong, spine-tipped, 2-3 in. long, 3/4-1 in. broad, much exceeding the simple peduncles in their axils: fruit depressed-globose, puberulent, small. Brazil. Intro, by Franceschi, and by the U. S. Dept. Agric. - E. pyriformis, Camb. Leaves myrtle-like but white tomentose beneath, about equaled by the branched peduncles: fruit pear-shaped, yellow, puberulent, edible. Brazil. introduced in Calif, by Franceschi. - E. Ugni, Hook & Arn.=Myrtus Ugni. - E. Uvalha, Camb., not Miq. Growing parts and infloresence .pubescent: leaves oblong, narrowed at base, obtuse, 1-2 in. long, much exceeding the simple peduncles: fruit yellow, size and shape of a small pear, edible.
Brazil. Intro, by Franceschi.
Harvey Monroe Hall.