This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Greek, handsome crest). Orchidaceae. Terrestrial orchids, requiring warmhouse conditions.
Rather small plants with membranaceous leaves and conspicuous pseudobulbs: scape basal, several-flowered; sepals and petals spreading, similar, ascending; label-lum 3-lobed; pollinia 2. - About 50-60 species, in the tropics of both hemispheres. The cultivation of Calanthe will apply to this genus.
Reichb. f. Pseudobulbs ovate, compressed: leaves ovate, spotted or blotched: flowers small; upper sepal hood-shaped, lateral ones acuminate, reddish brown; petals broader, white or pale rose; labellum cordate, with 2 crimson spots, triangular in outline, near the base, otherwise white. Brazil. B.R. 618 (as Angraecum).
Lindl. Leaves linear, subdistichous: flowers purple and yellow; sepals and petals linear-oblong; labellum
3-lobed, lateral lobes rotund at the apices. Madagascar.
E. Coleae, Rolfe. A slender-growing species with aloe-like leaves - E. Lubbersiana, Laurent & Th. Dur. Allied to E. maculata: leaves dark green, marbled with white. Africa - E. nuda, Lindl. Scape about
2 ft. tall, many-flowered; flowers ranging from rose-purple to pink, or yellowish green; lip nearly entire, recurved. India and China. B.M. 8057. - E. paniculata, Rolfe. Pseudobulbs tufted, bearing 2 strap-shaped leaves: flowers numerous; petals and lip yellowish green dotted with purple. Madagascar. - E. undulata, Rolfe. Scape about 1 ft. high, of slender growth; petals and lip pale green, the latter with
3 prominent keels on the disk. Rhodesia. - E. Woodfordii, Rolfe. With tall many-flowered infloresence; flowers green with dull claret-purple lip. Old
Calabar. George V. Nash.†