This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(name refers to the fact that the plant carries well its edible fruits). Sapindaceae. A half-dozen trees in tropical and Subtrop. Asia, allied to Litchi but differing in having petals and a deeply 5-parted imbricate calyx; both genera are sometimes combined in Nephelium. Leaves pinnate: flowers regular; petals spatulate or lanceolate, hairy inside; stamens usually 8: fruit globular or ellipsoid, more or less tuberculate or warty, the size of a cherry or plum. The following species is widely cult, in the eastern tropics. E. Longana, Lam. (Nephelium Longana, Cambess.). Tree, 30-40 ft., with gray bark: leaves scattered; lfts, opposite or alternate, elliptic to ovate to lanceolate, 2-5 pairs, rather obtuse at both ends, to 12 in. long, entire: flowers small (1/4in. or less across), yellowish white, in puberulent terminal and axillary panicles; calyx deeply 5-6-lobed; petals about equaling calyx, spatulate: fruit globose, reddish or purple, 3/4in. or less diam., tuberculate or becoming warty or nearly smooth, with an edible aril.
India. B.M. 4096. B.R. 1729. - A much-prized fruit in China, under the name of longyen, or linkeng, resembling litchi but smaller and smoother and yellow-brown.
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