This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(large eyes, because of the prominent flowers). Compdsitae, Small shrubs of 25-30 species of Africa (mostly S. Africa), Arabia and Socotra, very little known in horticulture. The flowers are yellow, the heads with female rays and tubular 5-tciothed perfect disk-flowers; receptacle convex or conical; involucre of 1 series of scales: achene wingless and beakless, the pappus of several rows of caducous bristles. These little bushes or underehrubs grow from 1/2-3 ft., or sometimes 5 ft.,
(good mouth, alluding to the corolla). Gentianaceae. Two or 3 N. American large-flowered glaucous opposite-lvd. small herbs: flowers more or less paniculate, single on the peduncles, 5-merous or rarely 6-merous; calyx with narrow keeled lobes; corolla nearly campanu-late, white, blue or purple, the lobes oblong or obovate, usually erose; stamens attached on the corolla-throat; ovary 1-celled; stigmas 2: caps, oval or oblong, many-seeded. E. selenifolium, Salisb. (E. exaltatum, Griseb.). Annual, but in S. Calif, said to be perennial, 9-15 in. erect: leaves oblong, glaucous-green: flowers light blue or purple, the corolla-lobes about or nearly 1 in. long, twice exceeding the tube. Fla. to Calif. Offered in Calif.
(Greek, referring to the climbing habit). Liliaceae. One or two Australian plants, botanically related to Lapageria, but much less showy; in habit suggestive of smilax (Asparagus medeoloides). Plants more or less woody at base, slender, branching, tall-climbing: leaves alternate, sessile or short-petioled: flowers 2 to many, in axillary fascicles; perianth-segments distinct and spreading; stamens 6. E. latifolius, R. Br., is a tall and much-branched half-twining herb, more or less woody at the base, bearing alternate, stiff, linear-lanceolate, short-stalked leaves and small, axillary, drooping light blue flowers with spreading, ciliate perianth-segments: fruit a dry berry: leaves 2-4 in. long, sharp-pointed: fls less than 1 in. across. B.M. 1245. Of easy cultivation, either in the glasshouse border or in pots. Very useful for table decoration and for design work.
L. H. B
(from Greek words referring to the attractive appearance). Leguminosae. Shrubs of Austral., with golden or yellow papilionaceous flowers, one of which is offered for greenhouse cultivation: leaves small, opposite, simple and entire: flowers solitary or a few together, or sometimes crowded at ends of branches; standard orbicular, entire or nearly so, exceeding the other petals; stamens free: pod ovate, 2-valved. Said to require general treatment of Chorizema. E. myrtifolia, R. Br. Glabrous, 2-3 ft.: leaves obovate-oblong to linear, mostly 3/4in. or less long: flowers yellow with dark orange keel, solitary or 2-4 together. B.M. 1274 (as Dillwynia). R.B. 26:13. variety floribunda is listed.
(to unroll, because not twining as in Convolvulus). Convolvulaceae. Prostrate or erect annual or perennial herbs or sub-shrubs, rarely planted or grown in greenhouses. The genus differs from Convolvulus in having 2 styles 2-cleft, stigmas always narrow, corolla often open or rotate, and not twining: leaves entire, small: flowers small, in summer and autumn; sepals 5, the calyx not bracted at base; corolla blue, rose or white, 5-angled or shortly 5-lobed. The species are about 80; in warm regions, several in the U. S. E. purpuro-coeruleus, Hook., of Jamaica, appears to be the only species prominently mentioned horticulturally, and this is seldom planted: 1-2 ft., woody at base: leaves small, lanceolate-acute: flowers purplish, terminal, the corolla rotate, white-centered and purple-rayed. B.M. 4202.