(Greek, eu, handsome, and scaphis, vessel; alluding to the shape and the handsome color of the dehiscent capsule). Staphyleacese. Ornamental woody plant grown for its handsome foliage and the attractive fruits.

Deciduous upright shrub or small tree, glabrous: leaves opposite, odd-pinnate, stipulate: flowers in terminal upright panicles, perfect; sepals, petals and stamens 5, all of nearly equal length; ovary 2-3-celled, surrounded at the base by an annular disk; styles 2-3, often connate: fruit consisting of 1-3 spreading, leathery dehiscent pods, each with 1-3 black seeds. - -One species in Japan and Cent. China. A handsome plant with large pinnate leaves, small whitish flowers in upright panicles followed by attractive brownish red fruits disclosing shining black seeds when opening. It grows in any good garden soil, but is only half-hardy N. Prop, by seeds and greenwood cuttings under glass.

Japonica

Dipp. (E. staphyleoldes, Sieb. & Zucc. Sambucus japonica, Thunb.). Shrub, to 10 ft.: leaflets 7-11, ovate-lanceolate, glabrous, serrate, 1 1/2 - 3 in. long, each with 2 small stipules: flowers in broad many-flowered panicles to 6 in. long: fruit consisting of 1-3 pods, 1/2in. long, apiculate, each with 1-3 steel-blue seeds. May, June; fruit Aug., Sept. Japan. S.Z. 67. S.I.F. 1:70.

Alfred Rehder.