16. Radicans, Sieb

(E. japonica variety radicans, Regel. E. repens, Hort.). Figs. 1466, 1467. Low, procumbent shrub, with often trailing and rooting or climbing branches, climbing sometimes to 20 ft. high: branches terete, densely and minutely warty: leaves roundish to elliptic-oval, rounded or narrowed at the base, crenately serrate, usually dull green above, with whitish veins, 1/2-2 in. long: flowers and fruit similar to the former, but fruit generally of paler color. June, July; fruit Oct. N. and Cent. Japan. R.H. 1885, p. 295. G.C. II. 20:793. M.D. 1906, p. 219. - Closely allied to the former, and considered by most botanists as a variety; also very variable. variety Carrierei, Nichols. (E. Carrierei, Vauv.). Low shrub, with ascending and spreading branches: leaves oblong-elliptic, about 1 1/2 in. long, somewhat shining. G.W. 8, p. 16. variety argenteo-marginata, Rehd. Leaves bordered white. variety roseo-marginata, Rehd. Leaves bordered pinkish. variety reticulata, Rehd. (variety picta, Hort., variety argenteo-variegata, Hort. E. gracilis, Sieb.). Leaves marked white along the veins.

R.H. 1876, p. 354; 1878, p. 135. G.W. 1, p. 475. A.G. 19:37. variety minima, Simon-Louis (E. kewensis, Hort.). Leaves marked like those of the preceding variety but smaller, 1/4- 1/2in-long.

Evonymus radicans.

Fig. 1466. Evonymus radicans.

Evonymus radicans.

Fig. 1467. Evonymus radicans.

Variety vegeta, Rehd. Low spreading shrub, to 5 ft., usually with a few prostrate rooting branches at the base, and climbing high, if planted against a wall: leaves broadly oval or almost suborbicular, acutish or obtusish, crenately serrulate, 1-1 3/4 in. long, those of the rooting branchlets smaller and thinner and generally ovate. Japan. S.T.S. 1:65. M.D.G. 1908:13. - Handsome and hardy shrub; the fruits appear in great profusion and remain on the branches a long time. variety acuta, Rehd. (E. japonica variety acuta, Rehd.). Rooting and climbing: leaves elliptic or ovate-elliptic, acute or short-acuminate, serrulate, with the veins below slightly elevated. Cent. China.

E. Aquifolium, Loes. & Rehd. Evergreen shrub, to 10 ft.: leaves coriaceous, nearly sessile, ovate to ovate-oblong, spiny sinuate-dentate: fruit 4-lobed, usually solitary. W. China. One of the most striking species on account of its holly-like leaves - E. echindta,Wa.\\. Usually creeping or climbing, with rooting branches: leaves ovate-lanceolate: fruit spiny. Himalayas. B.M. 2767. - E. fimbriata, Hort., not Wall.=E. pendula. - E. grandiflora, Wall. Shrub, to 12 ft.: leaves obovate or obovate-oblong, finely and acutely serrate: flowers white 4/5 in. across: fruit globose, yellow; aril scarlet. Himalayas, W. China. - E. Hamiltoniana, Wall. Allied to E. Maackii. Small tree: leaves oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, finely and irregularly serrulate, 2 1/2-4 in. long: anthers yellow: fruit pink, turbinate, 4-lobed. Himalayas. Probably not in cultivation; the plant cult, under this name is E. Maackii. - E. lanceifolia, Loes. Allied to E. hians. Shrub or tree, to 30 ft.: leaves firm at maturity, lanceolate to elliptic-oblong, crenately serrulate, 3-6 in. long: anthers purple: fruit 4-lobed, pale; aril orange, open at the apex; seed crimson. Cent, and W. China. - E. macroptera, Rupr. Allied to E. latifolia.

Leaves obovate or obovate-oblong, cuneate at the base: cymes many-fid.: fruit with 4 narrow wings 1/2-3/4in. long. Japan. N. E. Asia. I.T. 6:121. Hardy. - E. occidentalis, Nutt. Shrub, to 15 ft.: winter-buds rather large: leaves ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, irregularly serrulate: flowers 5-merous, purple: fruit slightly lobed. Ore., Calif. - E. oxyphylla, Miq. Shrub or small tree: leaves ovate or obovate, acuminate, rather large, serrulate: flowers 5-merous, purple or whitish: fruit globose. Japan. - E. pendula, Wall. (E. fimbriata, Hort.). Evergreen, small tree, with pendulous branchlets: leaves oblong-lanceolate, sharply serrate, shining, 3-6 in. long: fruit with 4 tapering wings. P.F.G. 2:55. F.S. 7, p. 71. - E. planipes, Koehne. Allied to E. latifolia. Leaves cuneate at the base; petioles flat, not grooved: fruit acutely 5-angled, scarcely winged. Japan. M.D. 1906, p. 62. Gt. 53, p. 29. - E. sacchalinensis, Maxim. Allied to E. latifolia. Leaves ovate-oblong, crenate-serrulate: cymes very long-peduncled; flowers purple: fruit distinctly winged, convex at the apex.

N. E. Asia. - E. Sargentiana, Loes. & Rehd. Evergreen shrub: leaves obovate to oblong-obovate, abruptly acuminate, remotely crenate-serrate, 2-3 1/2 in. long: fruit oblong-obovoid, 4-angled. W. China. - E. Semenovii, Regel & Herd. Allied to E. europaea. Small shrub: leaves lanceolate, serrulate: cymes usually 3-flowered: fruit 4-lobed with obtuse lobes. Turkestan. - E. semiexserta, Koehne. Allied to E. Maackii. Leaves oblong or oblong-lanceolate, crenate-serrate, 2-5 in. long: fruit light pink; aril orange, open, with the blood-red seed almost half exposed. Japan. - E. Sieboldiana, Blume. Allied to E. Maackii. Leaves slen-der-petioled, elliptic to oblong, acuminate, serrulate: fruit not lobed, strongly 4-ribbed. Japan. M.D. 1906, p. 62. Not in cultivation; the plants cult, under this name belong to E. yedoensis, E. patens or E. Bungeana variety semipersistens. Alfred Rehder.