This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(E. japonica variety radicans, Regel. E. repens, Hort.). Figs. 1466, 1467. Low, procumbent shrub, with often trailing and rooting or climbing branches, climbing sometimes to 20 ft. high: branches terete, densely and minutely warty: leaves roundish to elliptic-oval, rounded or narrowed at the base, crenately serrate, usually dull green above, with whitish veins, 1/2-2 in. long: flowers and fruit similar to the former, but fruit generally of paler color. June, July; fruit Oct. N. and Cent. Japan. R.H. 1885, p. 295. G.C. II. 20:793. M.D. 1906, p. 219. - Closely allied to the former, and considered by most botanists as a variety; also very variable. variety Carrierei, Nichols. (E. Carrierei, Vauv.). Low shrub, with ascending and spreading branches: leaves oblong-elliptic, about 1 1/2 in. long, somewhat shining. G.W. 8, p. 16. variety argenteo-marginata, Rehd. Leaves bordered white. variety roseo-marginata, Rehd. Leaves bordered pinkish. variety reticulata, Rehd. (variety picta, Hort., variety argenteo-variegata, Hort. E. gracilis, Sieb.). Leaves marked white along the veins.
R.H. 1876, p. 354; 1878, p. 135. G.W. 1, p. 475. A.G. 19:37. variety minima, Simon-Louis (E. kewensis, Hort.). Leaves marked like those of the preceding variety but smaller, 1/4- 1/2in-long.
Fig. 1466. Evonymus radicans.
Fig. 1467. Evonymus radicans.
Variety vegeta, Rehd. Low spreading shrub, to 5 ft., usually with a few prostrate rooting branches at the base, and climbing high, if planted against a wall: leaves broadly oval or almost suborbicular, acutish or obtusish, crenately serrulate, 1-1 3/4 in. long, those of the rooting branchlets smaller and thinner and generally ovate. Japan. S.T.S. 1:65. M.D.G. 1908:13. - Handsome and hardy shrub; the fruits appear in great profusion and remain on the branches a long time. variety acuta, Rehd. (E. japonica variety acuta, Rehd.). Rooting and climbing: leaves elliptic or ovate-elliptic, acute or short-acuminate, serrulate, with the veins below slightly elevated. Cent. China.
E. Aquifolium, Loes. & Rehd. Evergreen shrub, to 10 ft.: leaves coriaceous, nearly sessile, ovate to ovate-oblong, spiny sinuate-dentate: fruit 4-lobed, usually solitary. W. China. One of the most striking species on account of its holly-like leaves - E. echindta,Wa.\\. Usually creeping or climbing, with rooting branches: leaves ovate-lanceolate: fruit spiny. Himalayas. B.M. 2767. - E. fimbriata, Hort., not Wall.=E. pendula. - E. grandiflora, Wall. Shrub, to 12 ft.: leaves obovate or obovate-oblong, finely and acutely serrate: flowers white 4/5 in. across: fruit globose, yellow; aril scarlet. Himalayas, W. China. - E. Hamiltoniana, Wall. Allied to E. Maackii. Small tree: leaves oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, finely and irregularly serrulate, 2 1/2-4 in. long: anthers yellow: fruit pink, turbinate, 4-lobed. Himalayas. Probably not in cultivation; the plant cult, under this name is E. Maackii. - E. lanceifolia, Loes. Allied to E. hians. Shrub or tree, to 30 ft.: leaves firm at maturity, lanceolate to elliptic-oblong, crenately serrulate, 3-6 in. long: anthers purple: fruit 4-lobed, pale; aril orange, open at the apex; seed crimson. Cent, and W. China. - E. macroptera, Rupr. Allied to E. latifolia.
Leaves obovate or obovate-oblong, cuneate at the base: cymes many-fid.: fruit with 4 narrow wings 1/2-3/4in. long. Japan. N. E. Asia. I.T. 6:121. Hardy. - E. occidentalis, Nutt. Shrub, to 15 ft.: winter-buds rather large: leaves ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, irregularly serrulate: flowers 5-merous, purple: fruit slightly lobed. Ore., Calif. - E. oxyphylla, Miq. Shrub or small tree: leaves ovate or obovate, acuminate, rather large, serrulate: flowers 5-merous, purple or whitish: fruit globose. Japan. - E. pendula, Wall. (E. fimbriata, Hort.). Evergreen, small tree, with pendulous branchlets: leaves oblong-lanceolate, sharply serrate, shining, 3-6 in. long: fruit with 4 tapering wings. P.F.G. 2:55. F.S. 7, p. 71. - E. planipes, Koehne. Allied to E. latifolia. Leaves cuneate at the base; petioles flat, not grooved: fruit acutely 5-angled, scarcely winged. Japan. M.D. 1906, p. 62. Gt. 53, p. 29. - E. sacchalinensis, Maxim. Allied to E. latifolia. Leaves ovate-oblong, crenate-serrulate: cymes very long-peduncled; flowers purple: fruit distinctly winged, convex at the apex.
N. E. Asia. - E. Sargentiana, Loes. & Rehd. Evergreen shrub: leaves obovate to oblong-obovate, abruptly acuminate, remotely crenate-serrate, 2-3 1/2 in. long: fruit oblong-obovoid, 4-angled. W. China. - E. Semenovii, Regel & Herd. Allied to E. europaea. Small shrub: leaves lanceolate, serrulate: cymes usually 3-flowered: fruit 4-lobed with obtuse lobes. Turkestan. - E. semiexserta, Koehne. Allied to E. Maackii. Leaves oblong or oblong-lanceolate, crenate-serrate, 2-5 in. long: fruit light pink; aril orange, open, with the blood-red seed almost half exposed. Japan. - E. Sieboldiana, Blume. Allied to E. Maackii. Leaves slen-der-petioled, elliptic to oblong, acuminate, serrulate: fruit not lobed, strongly 4-ribbed. Japan. M.D. 1906, p. 62. Not in cultivation; the plants cult, under this name belong to E. yedoensis, E. patens or E. Bungeana variety semipersistens. Alfred Rehder.