This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
Duchesne (C. melonse-formis, Carr.). Cushaw. China, Canada Crookneck and Winter Crookneck Squashes. Figs. 1135-37. Annual: long-running, less prickly and sometimes soft-hairy: leaves more rounded than those of C. Pepo, but lobed, often grayish: flower with a widening tube, and large, erect lobes; calyx-lobes large, often If . - like; peduncle becoming deeply ridged and much enlarged next the fruit Possibly of E. Asian origin.
bb. Leaves not lobed (except sometimes on young shoots): stalks of fruits not prominently ridged. maxima, Duchesne. Squash. Figs. 1138-41. Annual: long-running, the stems nearly cylindrical, little prickly and often hairy: leaves orbicular or kidney-shaped, commonly not lobed, the basal sinus wide or narrow, the margin shallowly apiculate-sinuate: corolla-tube nearly the same diam. at top and bottom (Figs. 1139, 1140), the corolla-lobes large and soft, and wide-spreading or drooping: peduncle at maturity soft and spongy, not ridged nor prominently enlarged next the fruit: fruit very various, but not light yellow nor warty nor crookneck-shaped, usually late-ripening, the flesh orange and not stringy. Nativity undetermined. variety sylvestris, Naudin. A form found wild in the Himalayan region, with fruit as large as a man's head.
aa. Plant with perennial root. foetidissima, Kunth (C. perennis, Gray. Cucumis perennis, James). Calabazilla. Fig. 1142. Perennial: long-running, scarcely prickly: leaves large, cordatetriangular, grayish pubescent, the margin shallowly apiculate-crenate: flower nearly as large as in C. Pepo and similar in shape, the pistillate on a peduncle 2-3 in. long: fruit size and shape of an orange, smooth, green and yellow splashed, not edible. Sandy arid wastes, Neb. and Colo, to Texas and Mex. and westward to Calif. R.H. 1855:61; 1857, p. 54. - In its native haunts, the root is tuberous, 4-7 in. diam. and penetrating the earth 4-6 ft. Roots at the joints. The plant has a fetid odor. Sold by seedsmen as a gourd, but the fruit does not often ripen in the northern states. Useful on arbors and small trees, when coarse vines are wanted.
Fig. 1135. Cucurbita moschata.
Fig. 1136. Stem of Cucurbita moschata. Large Cheese pumpkin
Fig. 1137. Fruit of Cucurbita moschata-Tonasu, a Japanese variety.
Fig. 1139. Staminate flower of Cucurbita maxima-Hubbard squash. (X 1/3)
Fig. 1140. Pistillate flower of Cucurbita maxima-Hubbard squash. (X 1/3)
Fig. 1138. Cucurbita maxima.
Fig. 1141. Stem of Cucurbita maxima-Hubbard squash.