This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
The epidermal cells contain the alga, which spreads over the leaf, blackening and killing it.
Remove diseased leaves.
Brownish patches on lower leaves, many times bordered by the small veins of the leaf.
Red and brown rust spots on leaves.
Segregate from Pinus rigida.
Same as on Piper, which see. Carnation.
Brown, powdery pustules on stems and leaves.
Spray once in two weeks with a solution of copper sulfate, one pound to twenty gallons of water. Pick off diseased leaves. Keep temperature low.
Spray with any good fungicide.
Red-brown decay; crumbles when crushed.
Surgery methods. Carrot.
A soft-rotting of the root identical with the soft rots of other root crops.
Good drainage of soil. Steam sterilization of soil.
See under Celery.
See under Hickory-Nut.
See under Chestnut.
Sudden blackening and dying of leaves in early summer.
Heart-wood becomes straw-colored and finally soft.
See under Nicotiana.
See under Cabbage.
Catalogue of Diseases, continued.
Mildew (Phyllactinia corylea) - Powdery mildew of leaves.
Dust with sulfur.
A spotting and eventual blighting of leaves.
Spray with ammoniacal copper carbonate, 5-3-50, beginning in seed-bed and keeping new growth covered throughout the season.
Blight of foliage appearing late in season and in storage.
As above. Grow under half shade.
Definite spots on veins, water-soaked dark green becoming gray.
Spray with bordeaux mixture.
Spots round, yellowish with brown margin on leaves and stem.
Spray with dilute bordeaux mixture on first appearance.
Bark of young branches killed, needles die.
Prune off affected parts and clean up litter and burn.
Kills tops of trees. Chard (Beta).
Brown, purplish bordered spots on leaves.
Pick off and destroy diseased leaves.
The flowers decay, the leaves become discolored with irregular brown spots, and the fruit rots on the tree.
Spray with bordeaux mixture, 4 - 4-50, or lime-sulfur, 1-40 (1) just before the blossom buds open; (2) just after the blossoms fall; (3) one or two more applications at intervals of ten days.
Leaves and twigs affected, often causing defoliation.
Spray with lime-sulfur, 1-40, or dust heavily with powdered sulfur.
See under Plum. Same disease. Chestnut.
Sunken or swollen cankers on limbs or trunk. Limbs die and leaves and burs cling in winter.
Remove diseased parts and burn. Paint all wounds. Little chance of saving trees in infested locality.
Yellowish-gray spots on lower portion of the stem. Later on smaller branches and leaves. Plant destroyed.
Eradicate diseased plants.
Small dark brown spots, which increase in size until leaf is killed.
Pick and burn affected leaves. Spray with bordeaux mixture, 4 - 4-50.
Reddish brown rust pustules on leaves.
As for Leaf-Spot.
Plants stunted and of a pale color, finally wilting. Same disease on lettuce.
Remove diseased plants. Do not use same soil again.
See under Senecio.
Causing loss of lower leaves at times. Not serious.
Rot of soft tissues of coconut plant and is perhaps responsible for coconut bud-rot.
Not given. Coffea.
Circular discolored areas, turning pale yellow and becoming studded with orange-yellow spots.
Burn all diseased leaves.
Black spots on leaves. Looks like a smut disease.
Diseased leaves should be burned.
Sap-tubes turn yellow and finally entire tuber becomes black.
Dry tubers thoroughly before storing. Do not plant in soil in which the disease has occurred. Convolvulus.
Distortions and white or yellow blisters.
Remove diseased plants and spray with bordeaux mixture frequently.