It must be remembered that on the Great Plains the conditions vary enormously, and that few plants naturally range over the whole area, or are capable of being successfully grown in artificial plantations throughout the whole area Two special localities are frequently mentioned in the list. Arbor Lodge is the arboretum established by the late J. Sterling Morton at Nebraska City, within a few miles of the Missouri River. The University Arboretum is at Lincoln, Nebraska, on the high prairies 60 miles west of the Missouri River.


Abies balsamea (not common).

Abies cephalonica (Arbor Lodge; University Arboretum).

Abies cilicica (Arbor Lodge).

Abies concolor (common).

Abies nobilis (Arbor Lodge).

Abies Nordmanniana (Arbor Lodge).

Abies Picea (Arbor Lodge )=A. pectinata.

Abies Pinsapo (Arbor Iodge).

Abies Veitchii (Arbor Lodge; University Arboretum).

Chamaecyparis pisifera (ArborLodge).

Juniperus scopulorum (native in western portion).

Juniperus virginiana (native in eastern portion.)

Juniperus virginiana variety aurea variegata (University Arboretum).

Juniperus virginiana variety elegantissima (University Arboretum;.

Juniperus virginiana variety glauca (University Arboretum).

Pjcea Alcockiana (Arbor Lodge; University Arboretum).

Picea canadensis (common) =P. alba.

Picea Engelmanni (rare).

Picea excelsa (common )=P. Abies.

Picea excelsa variety inverta (University Arboretum).

Picea excelsa variety pumila (University Arboretum).

Picea excelsa variety pumila compacta (University Arboretum).

Picea mariana (Arbor Lodge)=P. nigra.

Picea orientalis (Arbor Lodge).

Picea nigra (University Arboretum)=P. mariana.

Picea nigra variety Doumetti (University Arboretum).

Picea Parryana (common)=P. pungens.

Picea polita (Arbor Lodge; University Arboretum)=P. Torano.

Pinus austriaca (very common; University Arboretum).

Pinus austriaca variety cebennensis (monspeLiensis) (University Arboretum). Pinus cembra (Arbor Lodge). Pinus divaricata (common) =P. Banksiana. Pinus laricio (Arbor Lodge). Pinus massoniana (Arbor Lodge). Pinus montana (Arbor Lodge; University Arboretum). Pinus resinosa (not common). Pinus rigida (Arbor Lodge). Pinus scopulorum (native in western portion). Pinus Strobus (common). Pinus sylvestris (very common). Pseudotsuga taxifolia (common)=P. Douglasii. Taxodium distichum (not common). Taxus canadensis (Arbor Lodge). Thuya occidentalis (common).

Thuya orientalis (Arbor Lodge; University Arboretum). Tsuga canadensis (Arbor Lodge).


Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi (native in western portion).

Berberis ilicifolia (University Arboretum).

Buxus (not common; tender at University Arboretum).

Evonymus japonica (University Arboretum).

Evonymus nana? (University Arboretum).

Evonymus radicans (University Arboretum).

Hedera helix (rarely hardy; tender).

Ilex opaca (rarely planted; tender).

Juniperus chinensis (University Arboretum).

Juniperus communis variety aurea (University Arboretum; tender).

Juniperus communis (native in western portion; University Arboretum).

Juniperus communis variety hibernica (University Arboretum; tender).

Juniperus sabina variety prostrata (University Arboretum).

Juniperus stricta (University Arboretum).

Ligustrum Ibota (half evergreen; University Arboretum).

Ligustrum ovalifolium (evergreen; half hardy; University Arboretum).

Ligustrum ovalifolium variety aurea (half evergreen; hardy; University Arboretum).

Ligustrum vulgare (half evergreen; University Arboretum).

Ligustrum vulgare variety buxifolium (evergreen, hardy; University Arboretum).

Ligustrum vulgare variety fructealba (half evergreen; University Arboretum).

Lonicera japonica variety Halliana.

Mahonia Aquifolium (native in western portion).

Rhododendron maximum (rarely planted; tender).

Smilax hispida (half evergreen; native).

Yucca filamentosa (common).

Yucca glauca (native in western portion).


Equisetum hiemale (native throughout).

Equisetum laevigatum (native throughout).

Equisetum scirpoides (native throughout).

Equisetum vanegatum (native throughout).

Iris germanica.

Iris pumila.

Mamillaria missouriensis (native in western portion).

Mamillaria viviparus (native in western portion).

Opuntia arborescens (native in southwestern portion).

Opuntia camanchiana (native in southwestern portion).

Opuntia fragilis (native throughout).

Opuntia humifusa (native throughout). Opuntia polyacantha (native throughout). Opuntia tortispina (native in southern portion). Peltea atropurpurea (native throughout). Salvia officinalis (common). Selaginella rupestris (native throughout). Vinca minor (common).


Many herbaceous plants have rosettes of green leaves throughout the winter, the following being the more conspicuous on the Great Plains.

Capsella Bursa-pastoris (throughout the region; common cruciferous weed, introduced long ago and known as "shepherd's puree").

Dianthus Plantago Rumex

(several species).

Fragana virginiana (throughout the region). Geum canadense (throughout the region). Hieracium longipilum (in eastern portion). (Enothera biennis (throughout the region). Pentstemon grandiflorus (throughout the region). Pyrola chlorantha (in the western portion). Pyrola elliptica (in the western portion). Pyrola secunda (in the western portion).

Taraxacum officinale (throughout the region); not green in University Arboretum, Lincoln, except where covered by snow. Taraxacum erythrospennum. Charles E. Bessey.