This section is from the book "The Florist And Garden Miscellany". Also see: All New Square Foot Gardening: Grow More in Less Space!.
Some time this month Auriculas may be removed to a southern or western situation for the winter season; the latter is preferable. The situation chosen should be got in readiness, taking every precaution to clear the neighbourhood of offensive insects as far as it can be accomplished. Cleanse the frames and glass, that, when necessary to cover the plants, they may have the full benefit of the light. Search closely for the various kinds of caterpillars that attack and disfigure the foliage at this time of the year; a little attention will prevent much mischief. Continue to keep the soil moist through the month, and open the surface as often as it appears closed.
Peckham. J. T. Neville.
By this time these plants should be in their winter situation. Keep the soil in the pots tolerably dry during the month, as they require but little moisture while in a state of rest; but that little is necessary, or they will perish. Air is also equally important, and must be given freely in wet weather, and also when the atmosphere is charged with moisture, by elevating the glasses both back and front at such times; and whenever favourable changes occur, draw the lights quite off. Allow no decayed foliage to remain on the plants, particularly when in a moist shape.
Peckham. J. T. Neville.
The fine open weather of November may cause numbers more than usual to throw up their flower-stems. As soon as they rise above the foliage, the buds should be carefully rubbed off, without injuring the crown of the stem. Give abundance of air at every opportunity, but carefully protect the plants from excess of wet. Moisten the soil in the pots now and then if inclined to drought, and do not surfer it to get perfectly dry, or the plants will perish.
Towards the end of the month prepare compost for sowing the seed in, and shelter it from rain, that it may be in readiness for use. The heaps of compost should be turned in frosty weather, preserving it as near as possible in a half-dried state.
Peckham. J. T. Neville.
A fine green-edged variety; groundcolour, rich bluish purple; the eye pure white, good paste and circular; thrum good and well up; the green of the most vivid hue found in the Auricula, and well defined; perfectly flat, and fine truss. Its defects are in the segments being a little too pointed; the pip is not so round as Dickson's Matilda, and some varieties: in other respects an excellent flower.
An Alpine of superior properties; colour, deep rich velvetty crimson; eye and tube of a clear yellow, both circular, and the latter well filled with anthers; segments stout and smooth on the edge; outline complete. A very rich flower.
This ancient favourite of the Florist,
"enriched With shining meal o'er all their velvet leaves," seems to have been so well understood by our forefathers, and the points of perfection so well established, that additions were rarely made to the varieties in general cultivation. A theory which holds good in the present day; for it may be observed that many, if not most, of the varieties now exhibited, and also returned in Mr. Edwards's late lists, are from twenty to fifty years old. The most successful modern raiser is Mr. James Dickson, who certainly (in the south at least) stands pre-eminent in this respect. We sometimes fear this flower is not so generally grown as it used to be, unless in Lancashire, where, from time immemorial, amongst the operatives, it has been an established favourite and subject of exhibition. The variety forming your illustration, as may be inferred from its name, was sent out from that neighbourhood, and is one of the last, and perhaps the best, raised in those parts.
" Honour to whom honour is due".
It was raised, we learn, by Robert Lancashire, a hand-loom silk-weaver of Middleton near Manchester, and was first exhibited by him four years ago at Lower Place near Rochdale, and was placed second in class shewing, Privateer (Grimes) being the first. It was, however, thought, not only by the raiser, but by most of the exhibitors present, to possess claims of a much higher order. The disappointment caused Mr. Lancashire to sell the stock (8 to 10 plants) somewhat hastily to Mr. Brierly, who in turn resold it at a trifling profit to Mr. Cheetham, by whom it was eventually sent out. Hence the origin of its name, Cheetham's Lancashire's Hero, otherwise Lancashire Hero. I have before me some interesting information shewing how well the points of a first-rate Auricula were understood long before the present race of Florists were in existence, which shall serve for a future paper. J. E.
LANCASHIRE HERO (Cheetham).
Printed by C.Chabot.
* We can confirm this. - Editor.
The Auricula in question was exhibited at Worton Cottage by Mr. Edwards, and was handed to Mr. Andrews to prepare for our illustration, the fidelity of which may be relied upon.