This section is from the book "The Florist And Garden Miscellany". Also see: All New Square Foot Gardening: Grow More in Less Space!.
Having disposed of the Carnations and Picotees, the chief interest now will be centred in the Dahlia beds. Frequently thin-out superfluous shoots, so that much may not be cut off at a time. The proportion must be according to the known habit and size of the flower. The Hero and such flowers should have all their wood and buds reserved for some time; Black Prince, Imbricata, Mr. Seldon, etc, require a medium course of treatment; if very large flowers are desired, they may be cut hard, as it will not produce them coarse. Queen of Roses, and flowers of this class, must be thinned very hard to come sufficiently large to be put with others disbudded in the same proportion. Keep the branches securely tied. Turn up the soil about the plants, and place rotten manure round them. Soak them well twice a week at root - a little over the foliage every night. From what we have seen, the plants are good this season.
This flower is now generally in fine bloom. We are of opinion that the exhibitions for Dahlias are fixed too late; particularly as so many take place about the same time in September, to the injury of all parties. Dahlia-shewing should commence in earnest by the 20th of August. We have only to repeat our cautions of last year (p. 253), respecting shading, securing the buds, etc. We have to report a very great advance in fancy Dahlias again this season. They are now close upon the other class in shape, and as attractive as ever in marking. These must not be grown in so strong or rich a soil as the ordinary varieties. C. Turner.
They should be gone over before the bloom is past, to see if all are correctly named. Examine the plants on a fine day, in order to secure whatever seed may be ready; and in cutting, leave a good piece of the stalk attached, tie it in bunches consisting of about six heads, and hang them up in some dry and airy place; as fast as they turn brown, pull them to pieces, and spread the seed thinly on canvass till it becomes dry. The time for taking up the roots must depend on the weather; if the tops are quite destroyed by frost, get them up on the first dry day; but should the season be favourable, and there be no frost, two objects will be gained by allowing them to remain in the ground for a time, viz. more seed, and a shorter winter to preserve the roots in. There is no difficulty in keeping many kinds sound through the winter: those with large stems and long stringy tubers decay first. C. Turner.
Royal Nursery, Slough.
The roots having been carefully housed, little remains to be done. Examine, and see that there is no water lodged in the hollow of the crown: stand such on their crowns for a few days, and it will effectually drain them. Attend to the seed as described in last Number.
Royal Nursery, Slough. C. Turner.
A very little attention will suffice for the next two months. If in a damp place, bring them out on a fine dry day, . and cut away any decayed part of the root. There will be considerable trouble in wintering such varieties as produce large stems. Those that are small just above the crown, and solid, are much less trouble.
Royal Nursery, Slough. C. Turner.
A very superior flower; good size and perfect outline; deep crimson, or maroon, of great depth, with excellently formed petals. Obtained the premier prize at the Dahlia show in York, as the best of any colour.
Colour, fine rich rosy purple of great brilliancy, form excellent, centre good; depth of florets amply sufficient; shape and substance quite perfect. Size, usual average. This flower has been well tried two seasons, and has proved itself an excellent show-variety. It is very constant.
The Midland Florist and other journals speak in commendable terms of these varieties. Let out by Mr. Edward of York.