January may fairly be called the dead month of the year for flowers of every description. If the weather holds tolerably mild, we may hope to collect enough of "odds and ends" from the garden to make something like a bouquet; but with the first sharp frost of early morn departs the "last rose of autumn," removing every inducement to neglect our rambles abroad.

It excites no small surprise amongst East-country men, on first visiting the West at this season of the year, to find the aspect of vegetation so entirely different in character: the grass has a fresher appearance; the laurels and other evergreens appear more luxuriant; and the orchards and woods have a peculiar soft, hazy look, from the thick coating of lichens and profusion of mosses, which, seen at a little distance, partially compensate for the loss of foliage.

If we examine the stone walls, or, as they are called, "hedges," we find them completely covered with small plants, and crowned with a small neat ivy, tinted with every colour, from a brilliant crimson to an emerald green. Then we have large round patches of the Navel wort {Cotyledon Umbilicus) rooting into every crevice, its long decayed flower-spikes still remaining, and mixing with the black Maidenhair Spleenwort (Asplenium Adiantum nigrum), the wall Spleenwort (Asplenium Trichomanes), and the wall-rue Spleenwort (Asplenium Ruta muraria), and probably some starved plants of the common Hart's Tongue (Scolopendrium vulgare). In the neighbourhood of Torpoint you will see the rare Ceterach offic'marum growing so thickly, that you can scarcely place the tip of a finger between the plants. Walking on, we come to some high banks on either side of the road, and stop to admire the noble bunches of the Hart's Tongue hanging its shining fronds, in company with Lastrea dilatata, intermixing with forms of other allied species.

And now look at that famous crown of Basket Fern (Lastrea Filix mas); and well it answers to its local name, each frond standing nearly, if not fully, five feet high; it? erect and somewhat stiff form relieved and broken by the graceful fronds of Lastrea spinulosa, and the variety dilatata intermingled with plants of the northern Hard Fern (Lomaria spicans), which latter, as we get farther west, appears almost to form the hedge of itself, so thickly do its stiff comb-like fronds overlap each other. Below that thick velvety covering of Dieranum taxifolium, by the water which crosses the road, you will find the little neat Cornish Moneywort (Sibthorpia Europcea), with its somewhat round, hairy foliage. ,We will now go into Pelgut parish, and search the woods at Trelawney for the beautiful and scarce little filmy Fern, Hymenophyllum Tunbridgense, which is said to be found there, as well as at the waterfall at Trebartha: here, among the long soft featherlike moss, indeed it is, with many of the last year's fronds still retaining their freshness, and laden with fructification. Here are also plants of the close-leaved prickly Shield Fern (Polystichum lobatvmi); and in darker nooks of the wood some of the soft prickly Shield Fern (Polystichum angulare), waving their graceful fronds.

On that slate rock you will see the Marchantia polymorpha throwing up its inflorescence like miniature Palm-trees; and the old Pollard above seems almost compensated for the loss of its leaves by the thick coating of the Common Polypody (Polypodium vulgare), the evergreen fronds of which are hanging in various directions about its ragged branches, while the trunk itself is covered with various-coloured Lichens and Jungermannia.

In another month we will again explore the country, in hope of finding fresh subjects of interest in the early budding of the first spring flowers, which some time in February begin to peep from their winter quarters.

Tregoning. Jesse Barraqweneth.