This section is from the book "The Florist And Garden Miscellany". Also see: All New Square Foot Gardening: Grow More in Less Space!.
It is not unreasonable to surmise that the elegantly written paper on the Rose given in the Florist of last month has imbued with a desire for further information those among its readers who may not have had an opportunity of making themselves acquainted with the most desirable varieties of the many hundreds now cultivated; and therefore it is thought that a list of the best that were in bloom at the time of our visit to a nursery where Roses are grown by the acre may be useful. This selection, however, will not be restricted to new Roses, many of those that are now termed old sorts being quite equal in merit to the newer and more expensive ones. Their division into classes, although more arbitrary than characteristic, is to a certain extent useful, and is always followed in nurserymen's catalogues, from which source also the colours of the different kinds in the following list have been copied; but we ought to state, that in the matter of colour, no two catalogues correspond.
*Comtesse de Murinais, white. *Eclatante, bright rose. *Laneii, shaded carmine. *Princess Royal, salmon-blush.
Unique de Provence, white.
Alice Leroy, rosy lilac.
Luxembourg, deep red, purple tinge.
Celina, deep carmine.
*Crested, rose, curious crested buds.
Royal, blush. *Striped Unique, white, striped with pink.
Aspasie, delicate blush. *Blanchfleur, white, with blush centre. Emerance, pale lemon.
Cynthia, lilac blush. *Grandissima, bright crimson.
Bizarre Marbre, mottled crimson.
Kean, lilac crimson.
CEillet parfait, striped rose. *Ohl, velvety crimson. *Shakspeare, shaded deep crimson. *Triomphe de Janssens, bright crimson.
Letitia, mottled or veined crimson. *Boula de Nanteuil, crimson purple.
La Cailaisienne, delicate rose.
Nelly, pale salmon.
Chateaubriand, bright red.
*Madame Zoutman, creamy white. La Ville de Bruxelles, bright rose.
*Madame Audot, creamy white, blush centre. Sophie de Marsilly, flesh, pink centre. Princesse de Lamballe, white.
Harrisonii, bright yellow. *Persian, deep yellow.
Gloire de Couline, shaded crimson. *General Jacqueminot, purplish crimson.
Brennus, crimson. *Chenedolle, vivid crimson.
Lady Stuart, silvery blush.
Madame Rameau, velvety crimson. *Marjolin, dark violet crimson. *Madeline, white, edged with carmine.
Fulgens, fiery crimson. *Stadtholder, lilac blush. *Comtesse de Lacepede, white, with blush centre.
Beauty of Billard, bright scarlet.
*Coupe d'He'be, bright pink. *Great Western, deep crimson. *Paul Ricaut, deep carmine.
Charles Duval, bright rose.
Henri Barbet, deep pink.
Las Casas, bright red.
White Banksian, white, very fragrant. Yellow Banksian, creamy yellow.
Jaune Serin, yellow.
Ruga, pale blush.
Rivers's Queen, purplish crimson.
Laure Davoust, rose.
All the above kinds are what is termed " Summer Roses," that is, they bloom at one season only, in the months of June and July. Those which follow, however, if planted in rich soil, will give a succession of flowers till growth is stopped by the cold nights of autumn; and for this reason, independent of their equal beauty, they deserve extensive cultivation; indeed, some persons suppose that eventually the Perpetual Roses will drive all others out of our gardens.
Bernard, rosy salmon. *Crimson Superb, crimson, shaded purple. Du Roi, bright crimson.
Armosa, rosy blush.
Dupetit Thouars, vivid crimson.
George Cuvier, rosy crimson. *Madame Angelina, fawn, shaded with salmon. *Queen, fawn-coloured pink. *Souchet, crimson, shaded with purple. *Souvenir de la Malmaison, white, flesh-coloured centre. *Le Grenadier, brilliant crimson. *Paul Joseph, crimson purple.
Cornice de Seine et Marne, bright crimson.
Bouquet de Flore, carmine.
*Cramoisie Superieure, bright crimson. *Mrs. Bosanquet, pale flesh-colour. *Madame Bureau, white. Fabvier, carmine and white. La Se'duisante, flesh-colour. Marjolin du Luxembourg, purplish red.
Aimee Vibert, white. *Euphrosine, pale fawn. Lamarque, pale lemon.
*Solfaterre, bright sulphur. *Fellenberg, bright carmine. Ophirie, salmon and fawn.
*Baronne Prevost, bright rose. *Comte de Montalivet, purplish crimson.
Dr. Arnal, rosy red.
Due d'Alencon, rosy pink. *Duchess of Sutherland, pale pink. *Geant de Batailles, crimson scarlet.
Lady Alice Peel, rosy crimson. *La Reine, glossy rose.
Mrs. Elliot, lilac crimson. *Robin Hood, cherry red. * William Jesse, lilac crimson. *Soleil d'Austerlitz, brilliant crimson. *Sidonie, bright rose.
Cymedor, bright crimson. *Marquise Boccella, pale pink.
Adam, rose, salmon centre. Bougere, bronzed rose. *Devoniensis, straw-colour, buflfcentre. *Elise Sauvage, pale yellow, darker centre. *Madame de St. Joseph, rosy salmon. Niphetos, white, lemon centre. Vicomtesse de Cazes, bright yellow. Triomphe du Luxembourg, buff and rose. Marshal Bugeaud, bright rose. Pactolus, lemon, yellow centre.
For a select list of Roses, the above looks preposterously long, and yet it does not contain more than one-sixth of the varieties cultivated for sale by some of the leading Rose-growers. However, for the guidance of those who wish to commence Rose-culture on a more limited scale, or to add good sorts to those they already possess, we have marked with an asterisk some of the very best in each class.
For special instructions in management we must refer our readers to Rivers's Rose -Amateur s Guide, or to Paul's more recent work on the Rose. All that is necessary further to remark here is, that to insure a good bloom, good soil is indispensable; and for the generality of Roses no mixture is better than good loam and rotten dung; but some of the Noisette, China, and Tea-scented varieties, being more tender, require a lighter and drier soil and a warmer situation. Another essential point is, keeping the young shoots free from aphides; and this is easiest done by dipping the infested ends in diluted tobacco-liquor.
J. B. Whiting.