Brief directions for cultivating one hundred and fifty of the commonest and most desirable flowers, mostly annuals and perennials.


See Flowering Maple.

Winter Aconite

Plant the bulbs about two inches deep in any garden soil in mid-autumn and do not disturb unless they are desired in new quarters. Then, after the foliage has turned yellow, dig. dry in the shade, clean, and store in a dry, airy room until planting time.

Adam's Needle

See Yucca.


Sow seeds in greenhouse or hotbed, and when about two inches high transplant six inches apart; or, for later bloom, sow m the garden when the soil becomes warm. For winter bloom, sow in August. Will grow in any good garden soil.


See Bugleweed.

Sweet Alyssum

Sow seeds in greenhouse or hotbed in spring and transplant when two inches high to any garden soil; for later bloom sow in garden when soil becomes warm. For winter, sow in August. Also readily propagated by cuttings of young shoots placed in sandy shaded soil. Divisions and layers also may be made.


Cultivate like Prince's-pbather, which see.


Plant tuberous species in the hardy border in mid-autumn and the other species in rockeries, etc., choosing a well-drained, fairly rich sandy loam if possible. The plants may be divided in autumn or spring when the clumps have become weedy or too large for their quarters. For indoor blooming in winter the tubers may be potted from September to October and managed like hyacinths or tulips. By judicious management a succession of bloom may be obtained from January until the outdoor clumps commence to blossom in the spring.


See Marguerite, Golden.


See Snapdragon.


See Ground-nut.


See Columbine.


See Cress. Rock.


See Reed, Giant.

Asparagus (A Sprengeri)

Plant seeds in ordinary potting soil at any time during the winter, transplant the seedlings when large enough to small pots, and keep them growing vigorously in frequently changed larger pots, or while small place in hanging baskets, along the edges of benches, etc. May be propagated by division. Does best in a moderately cool greenhouse or room. Very easily managed. The red berries are beautiful, but they sap the strength of a plant. If the green plant is preferred, pick off the young berries.

China Aster

For earnest bloom sow the seed in a coldframe in autumn, and protect the plants until the ground can be worked in the spring, when they may be transplanted about a foot apart. These should blossom in late spring or early summer. A successional sowing may be made under glass in the winter, and the plants set in the garden when danger of frost has passed. Usually, however, the seed is sown in a cold-frame in early spring, and the plants, when about three or four inches tall, transferred to the garden in late spring. These will blossom in late summer. Asters thrive best in rich soil.

Native Asters

Sow the seeds in a cold-frame in early spring, and when the plants are about three inches tall transplant about eighteen inches apart in clumps. Established clumps may be divided in autumn and the pieces reset. Greenwood cuttings root readily.


Sow seeds where the plants are to remain and thin to about six inches. When once established, further propagation may be made by means of cuttings or layers.

Baby's Breath (Gypsophila)

Sow seeds in early spring in a mild hotbed or greenhouse; transplant the seedlings when about two inches tall to small pots, and again to any garden soil when the weather becomes settled. For winter bloom, seeds may be sown in late summer, when cuttings or layers of the perennial species may also be made.

Bachelor's-Buttons (Ranunculus Acris, Var. Flore Plena)

Sow seeds in mild hotbed or greenhouse in early spring; transplant the seedlings to small pots when about two inches tall, and when the weather becomes settled transplant to good soil in the garden. After once becoming established, the clumps may be divided in spring. See also Globe-flower, Cornflower.

Balloon-Vine (Cardiospermum)

After danger of frost has passed, sow in ordinary garden soil and provide a wire trellis from five to ten feet high, according to the quality of the soil.

Fragrant Balm (Monarda Didyma)

Sow seeds in spring and transplant to permanent quarters when the plants become large enough. A moist rich situation is most favorable.

Plant in masses for distant observation, since the flowers are rather unkempt. Divide frequently, because the plants spread rapidly from their underground: stems.

Balsam (Impatiens)

Sow seed in mild hotbed in early spring or when spring opens in the garden. Transplant the seedlings when about two inches high, the early ones to small pots, the later ones to the beds, which should be good garden soil in sunny places. For winter, cuttings may be made in late summer or early autumn and the plants kept in rather warm quarters. Cuttings may also be made of the greenhouse plants for outdoor use.


See Poppy, Mexican.

Hyacinth Bean (Dolichos)

Sow like morning-glory (which see), but provide a taller and stronger trellis, since the twining vines often grow more than fifteen feet.

Beard-Tongue (Pentstemon)

Sow seeds in a mild hotbed or greenhouse in early spring; transplant to flats or small pots, and when the weather becomes settled set in the garden. Some species do best in partial shade, but most can stand the sun. All need moist soil, but are not partial to quality of soil. Many are grown as annuals, but the perennial kinds may be propagated by division.


See Balm, Fragrant.