If Black Spot, a rather recent nuisance, appears on the leaves, spray with Bordeaux Mixture, bought of a horticultural dealer, directions accompanying.
Meanwhile the leaf worm is sure to put in appearance. This is also transparent and either brownish green, or yellow, seemingly according to the leaves upon which it feeds. Remedy, if they won't yield to helebore (and they seldom do unless very sickly), brush them off into a cup. An old shaving brush is good for this purpose, as it is close set but too soft to scrape the leaf.
June 15. When the roses are in bloom, stop all insecticides. There is such a thing as the cure being worse than the disease, and a rose garden redolent of whale-oil soap and phosphates and encrusted with helebore and Bordeaux Mixture has a painful suggestion of a horticultural hospital.
Now is the time for the Rose Chafer, a dull brownish beetle about half an inch long, who times his coming up out of the ground to feast upon the most fragrant and luscious roses. These hunt in couples and are wholly obnoxious. Picking into a fruit jar with a little kerosene in the bottom is the only way to kill them. In one day last season Evan came to my rescue and filled a quart jar in two hours; they are so fat and spunky they may be considered as the big game among garden bugs, and their catching, if not carried to an extreme, in the light of sport.
July. See that all dead flowers are cut off and no petals allowed to mould on the ground. Mulch with short grass during hot, dry weather, and use liquid manure upon hybrid teas and teas every two weeks, immediately after watering or a rain. Never, at any season, allow a rose to wither on the bush!
August. The same, keeping on the watch for all previous insects but the rose beetle; this will have left. Mulch hybrid perpetuals if a dry season, and give liquid manure for the second blooming.
September. Stir the ground after heavy rains, and watch for tendencies of mould.
October. The same.
November. Begin to draw the soil about roots soon after black frost, and bank up before the ground freezes, but do not add straw, litter, or manure in the trenches until the ground is actually frozen, which will be from December first onward, except in the case of teas, which should be covered gradually until the top is reached.
By this you will judge, Mary Penrose, that a rosary has its labours, as well as pleasures, and that like all other joys it is accompanied by difficulties. Yet you can grow good roses if you will, but the difficulty is that most people won't. I think, by the way, that remark belongs to Dean Hole of fragrant rose-garden memory, and of a truth he has said all that is likely to be spoken or written about the rose on the side of both knowledge and human fancy for many a day.
Modern roses of the hybrid-perpetual and hybrid-tea types may be bought of several reliable dealers for twenty-five dollars per hundred, in two conditions, either grown on their own roots or budded on Manette or brier stock. Personally I prefer the first or natural condition, if the constitution of the plant is sufficiently vigorous to warrant it. There are, however, many indispensable varieties that do better for the infusion of vigorous brier blood. A budded rose will show the junction by a little knob where the bud was inserted; this must be planted at least three inches below ground so that new shoots will be encouraged to spring from above the bud, as those below are merely wild, worthless suckers, to be removed as soon as they appear.
A Convenient Rose Bed.
How can you tell wild suckers from the desired growth? At first by following them back to the root until you have taken their measure, but as soon as experience has enlightened you they will be as easily recognized at sight as the mongrel dog by a connoisseur. Many admirable varieties, like Jacqueminot, Anne de Dies-bach, Alfred Colomb, Madame Plantier, and all the climbers, do so well on their own roots that it is foolish to take the risk of budded plants, the worse side of which is a tendency to decay at the point of juncture. Tea roses, being of rapid growth and flowering wholly upon new wood, are perfectly satisfactory when rooted from cuttings.
Of many well-attested varieties of hybrid perpetuals, hybrid China, or other so-called June roses, you may at the start safely select from the following twenty.
Pinky of various shades
1. Anne de Diesbach.
One of the most fragrant, hardy, and altogether satisfactory of hybrid perpetual roses. Forms a large bush, covered with large deep carmine-pink flowers. Should be grown on own root.
2. Paul Neyron.
Rose pink, of large size, handsome even when fully open. Fragrant and hardy.
3. Cabbage, or Rose of 100 Leaves.
The Provence rose of history and old gardens, supposed to have been known to Pliny. Rich pink, full, fragrant, and hardy. Own roots.
4. Magna Charta.
A fine fragrant pink rose of the hybrid China type. Not seen as often as it should be. Own roots.
A vigorous grower with flesh-coloured and pink-shaded blossoms.
Exquisite deep rose, fragrant, vigorous, and with a long blooming season.
7. Marchioness of Londonderry.
Free, full, and fragrant. Immense cream-white flowers, carried on long stems. Very beautiful.
8. Madame Plantier (Hybrid China).
A medium-sized, pure white rose, with creamy centre; flowers so profusely as to appear to be in clusters. Delicately fragrant, leaves deep green and remarkably free from blights. Perfectly hardy; forms so large a bush in time that it should be placed in the rose shrubbery rather than amid smaller species.
9. Margaret Dickson.
A splendid, finely formed, fragrant white rose, with deep green foliage.
10. Coquette des Blanches.
One of the very hardy white roses, an occasional pink streak tinting the outside petals. Cup-shaped and a profuse bloomer.
11. Coquette des Alps.
A very hardy bush, coming into bloom rather later than the former and lasting well. Satisfactory.
Red and Crimson
12. General Jacqueminot
Bright velvety crimson. The established favourite of its colour and class, though fashion has in some measure pushed it aside for newer varieties. May be grown to a large shrub. Fragrant and hardy. Best when in bud, as it opens rather flat.
13. Alfred Colomb.
Bright crimson. Full, sweet. A vigorous grower and entirely satisfactory. If you can grow but one red rose, take this.
14. Fisher Holmes.
A seedling of Jacqueminot, but of the darkest velvety crimson; fragrant, and blooms very early.
15. Marshal P. Wilder.
Also a seedling of Jacqueminot. Vigorous and of well-set foliage. Full, large flowers of a bright cherry red. Very fragrant.
16. Marie Bauman.
A crimson rose of delicious fragrance and lovely shape. This does best when budded on brier or Manette stock, and needs petting and a diet of liquid manure, but it will repay the trouble.
17. Jules Margottin.
A fine, old-fashioned, rich red rose, fragrant, and while humble in its demands, well repays liberal feeding.
18. John Hopper.
A splendid, early crimson rose, fragrant and easily cared for.
19. Prince Camille de Rohan.
The peer of dark red roses, not large, but rich in fragrance and of deep colour.
20. Ulrich Brunner.
One of the best out-of-door roses, hardy, carries its bright cerise flowers well, which are of good shape and substance; has few diseases.
1. Blanch Moreau (Perpetual).
A pure, rich white; the buds, which are heavily mossed, borne in clusters.
2. White Bath.
The most familiar white moss rose, sometimes tinged with pink. Open flowers are attractive as well as buds.
3. Crested Moss.
Rich pink, deeply mossed, each bud having a fringed crest; fragrant and full.
An exquisite moss rose of fairylike construction, the deep pink buds being wrapped and fringed with moss.
5. Common Moss.
A hardy pink variety, good only in the bud.
The moss roses as a whole only bloom satisfactorily in Tune.
1. English Sweetbrier.
Single pink flowers of the wild-rose type. Foliage of delicious fragrance, perfuming the garden after rain the season through.
2. Amy Robsart.
3. Anne of Geierstein.
5. Rose Bradwardine.
Penzance Hybrid Sweetbriers,
Having Fragrant Foliage and Flowers
0) Many Beautiful Colours
1. Climbing Jules Margottin.
Rosy carmine, very fragrant and full, satisfactory for the pergola, but more so for a pillar, where in winter it can be protected from wind by branches or straw.
2. Baltimore Belle.
The old-fashioned blush rose, with clean leaves and solid flowers of good shape. Blooms after other varieties are over. Trustworthy and satisfactory, though not fragrant in flower or leaf.
3. Gem of the Prairie.
Red flowers of large size, but rather flat when open. A seedling from Queen of
Gem of the Prairie (continued).
the Prairie, and though not as free as its parent, it has the desirable quality of fragrance.
4. Climbing Belle Siebrecht (Hybrid Tea).
Fragrant, vigorous, and of the same deep pink as the standard variety. Grow on pillars.
5. Gloire de Dijon.
Colour an indescribable blending of rose, buff, and yellow, deliriously fragrant, double to the heart of crumpled, crfepelike petals. A tea rose and, as an outdoor climber, tender north of Washington, yet it can be grown on a pillar by covering as described on page 126.
Hybrid Tea Roses
1. La France.
The fragrant silver-pink rose, with full, heavy flowers,- the combination of all a rose should be. In the open garden the sun changes
La France (continued).
its delicate colour quickly. Should be gathered in the bud at evening or, better yet, early morning. Very hardy if properly covered, and grows to a good-sized bush.
2. Kaiserin Augusta Victoria.
White, with a lemon tint in the folds; the fragrance is peculiar to itself, faintly suggesting the Gardenia.
3. Gruss an Teplitz.
One of the newer crimson roses, vigorous, with well-cupped flowers. Good for decorative value in the garden, but not a rose of sentiment.
One of the newer roses that has made good. Beautiful pointed buds of shell-pink, full and at the same time delicate. The foliage is very handsome. If well fed, will amply repay labour.
5. Souvenir de Mal-maison.
A Bourbon rose that should be treated like a hybrid tea. Shell-pink, fragrant flowers, that have much the same way of opening as Gloire de Dijon. A constant bloomer.
6. Clothilde Soupert
A polyantha or cluster rose of vigorous growth and glistening foliage, quite as hardy as the hybrid tea. It is of dwarf growth and suitable for edging beds of larger roses. The shell-pink flowers are of good form and very double; as they cluster very thickly on the ends of the stems, the buds should be thinned out, as they have an aggravating tendency to mildew before opening.
7. Souvenir de President Carnot.
A charming rose with shadows of all the flesh tints, from white through blush to rose; sturdy and free.
8. Caroline Testout.
Very large, round flowers, of a delicate shell-pink, flushed with salmon; sturdy.
1. Bon Silene.
The old favourite, unsurpassed for fragrance as a button-hole flower, or table decoration when blended with ferns or fragrant foliage plants. Colour "Bon Silene," tints of shaded pink and carmine, all its own.
2. Papa Gontier.
A rose as vigorous as the hybrid teas, and one that may be easily wintered. Pointed buds of deep rose shading to crimson and as fragrant as Bon Silene, of which it is a hybrid. Flowers should be gathered in the bud.
A true "tea" rose of characteristic shades of buff and yellow, with the tea fragrance in all its perfec-
tion. Best in the bud. Vigorous and a fit companion for Papa Gontier and Bon Silene.
4. Perle des Jardins.
An exquisite, fragrant double rose of light clear yellow, suggesting the Mare-chal Niel in form, but of paler colour. Difficult to winter out of doors, but worth the trouble of lifting to cold pit or light cellar, or the expense of renewing annually. One of the lovable roses.
The clear white rose, sometimes with lemon shadings used for forcing; clean, handsome foliage and good fragrance. Very satisfactory in my garden when old plants are used, as described.
The pink companion of the above with similar attributes.
7- Etoille de Lyon.
A vigorous, deep yellow rose, full and sweet. Almost as hardy as a hybrid tea and very satisfactory.
8. Souvenir d'un Ami.
A deliciously fragrant light pink rose, with salmon shadings. Very satisfactory and as hardy as some of the hybrid teas.
Miscellaneous Roses for the Shrubbery
1. Harrison's Yellow.
An Austrian brier rose with clear yellow semi-double flowers. Early and very hardy. Should be grown on its own roots, as it will then spread into a thicket and make the rosary a mass of shimmering gold in early June.
Should be grown on own root, when they will form shrubs five feet high.
2. Madame Hardy.
Pure white. Very fra-
Madame Hardy (continued).
grant, well-cupped flower. Time tried and sturdy.
3. Rosa Damascena Triginitipela.
The tribe of Japanese origin, conspicuous as bushes of fine foliage and handsome shape, as well as for the large single blossoms that are followed by seed vessels of brilliant scarlet hues.
4. Agnes Emily Carman
Flowers in clusters, "Jacqueminot" red, with long-fringed golden stamens. Continuous bloomer. Hardy and perfect.
5. Rugosa alba.
Pure white, highly scented.
6. Rugosa rubra.
Single crimson flowers of great beauty.
7. Chedane Guinoisseau.
Flowers, satin pink and very large. Blooms all the summer.
Now, Mary Penrose, having made up your mind to have a rosary, cause garden line and shovel to be set in that side lawn of yours without hesitation. Do not wait until autumn, because you cannot plant the hardy roses until then and do not wish to contemplate bare ground. This sight is frequently wholesome and provocative of good horticultural digestion. You need only begin with one-half of Evan's plan, letting the pergola enclose the walk back of the house, and later on you can add the other wing.