Ornamental Deciduous Trees, in the Grounds of Messrs. Hovey & Co., Boston.

Long ago, in the Magazine of Horticulture, I urged upon all lovers of trees the importance of employing a greater variety in the formation of pleasure grounds and parks, and the very great addition such variety would be to our landscape scenery; abundant as the material was, and rich also, giving not only variation of outline, but diversity of foliage; not only the verdure of summer, but the glorious autumn coloring which no other country can claim; not only the formal, round-headed horse-chestnut, but the pyramidal oak; not only the maple, beautiful as it is, but the massive grandeur of the magnolia; not only the flowing grace of the elm, but the exuberant richness of the weeping beech; not only the stiffness of the Linden, but the fringy exquisite-ness of the Kentucky coffee tree; not only the gaudy berries of the mountain ash, but the golden panicles, set in feathery foliage, of the Kolreuteria.

Gilpin (whom Loudon so often quotes as his best authority), in his classic volume on forest scenery, remarks, " If a man was disposed to moralize, the ramifications and spray of a thriving tree afford a good theme." And he devotes several pages to descriptions of the spray of the oak, beech, ash and elm, illustrating his remarks with engravings. In fact, to a real lover of trees, a winter view is a study, and almost as gratifying as that of the summer fullness of foliage. An elm forming one of a long row, near our daily walk, is a never-failing source of pleasure the year round. It is what I might justly call the zig-zag, or, perhaps, serpent elm. The outline of the head, which is 60 feet high, appears quite symmetrical; but the branches which form it run in every possible direction, like huge boa constrictors curled beneath the leaves. Yet these limbs contort and twist in a regular order of their own, and only in winter, except by close examination show their peculiar character.

Besides the spray, which is so varied and pleasing, we have the lightness or heaviness of foliage; the early or late leafing as well as the early or late fall of the foliage; the roughness or smoothness of the bark; the light or dark color of the same; the yellow, brown or scarlet autumn tints of their leaves; the beautiful flowers of some, and the conspicuous fruits of others; each possessing some wonderful charac-istics which make variety, and add to the expression of every landscape or ornamental plantation.

Long since impressed with the importance of such variety, I have endeavored to procure every tree which would be likely to prove hardy in our climate, and in 1844, when abroad, I selected from the leading nurseries of England, Scotland, and France every tree of this character then to be had. The quantity was very large, but quite a number did not survive the voyage, and many succumbed to the first very severe winter. Several were cut down and burnt, not being distinct, and others not specially noticeable served in the same way for want of room; yet we find, to our very great surprise, on counting them up, that we have nearly two hundred species and varieties left. The oldest trees were set out in 1844, and the others from year to year up to 1865, since which time the trees are too small to deserve the name of specimens, several of which are thirty to sixty feet high, and a number twenty to thirty feet in breadth.

For convenience, as well as for reference to authentic descriptions and engravings, I have arranged them according to Loudon's "Arboretum," the most complete work ever yet written upon trees, and perfectly astounding in regard to the information he gathered together about every tree. Descriptive, geographical, historical, useful, poetical and legendary; soil, situation, insects, diseases, propagation, etc. That Mr. Loudon should have accomplished this great work while editing the magazine, is simply amazing. The late Dr. Lindley, we think, called him merely a compiler; but the original ideas and criticisms scattered through the " Arboretum," as well as all his books and magazines, would fill a dozen ordinary volumes, and they have moulded and formed the present English taste for landscape art, as they have also influenced to a great degree the taste in our own countrv.


1. Magnolia tripetala,

The three-petaled Magnolia, 15 feet.

2. Magnolia acuminata,

Pointed-leaved, 40 feet.

3. Magnolia acuminata, Hoveyi variegata,

Hovey's new golden variegated, 12 feet.

4. Magnolia cordata,

Heart-leaved, 15 feet.

5. Magnolia conspicua,

Chinese, 10 feet.

6. Magnolia conspicua, Soulangeana,

Soulanges, 10 feet.

7. Magnolia conspicua, speciosa,

Showy, 15 feet.

8. Magnolia conspicua, Norbertiana,

Norberts, 12 feet.

9. Magnolia conspicua, Lenne,

Linnaeus', 8 feet.

10. Magnolia Thompson-iana,

Thompsons', 8 feet.

11. Liriodendron tulipi-fera,

The Tulip tree, 35 feet.

12. Liriodendron variegata,

Variegated-leaved, 20 ft.


13. Tilia Americana,

American lime, 25 feet.

14. Tilia Europsea,

European lime, 40 feet.

15. Tilia Europsea platy-phylla, .

Broad-leaved, 25 feet.

16. Tilia Europsea lac-iniata,

Cut-leaved, 18 feet.

17. Tilia Europsea aurea,

Golden-twigged, 15 feet.

18. Tilia Europsea rubra,

Red-twigged, 17 feet.

19. Tilia Europsea, alba pendula,

Weeping, 25 feet.


20. Acer Tartaricum,

Tartarian maple, 15 feet.

21. Acer spicatum,

Spike-flowered, 12 feet.

22. Acer striatum,

Striped-barked, 25 feet.

22. (bis.) Acer eriocar-pum,

Silver-leaved maple, 60 feet.

23. Acer platanoides,

Norway maple, 45 feet.

24. Acer platanoides va-riegatum,

Variegated-leaved, 20 ft.

25. Acer platanoides Laciniatum, '.

Eagle's claw, 22 feet.

26. Acer saccharinum,

Sugar, 40 feet.

27. Acer saccharinum Nigrum,

Black sugar, 30 feet.

28. Acer pseudo pla-tanus, !

Sycamore, 20 feet.

29. Acer pseudo purpurea,

Purple-leaved, 18 feet.

30. Acer pseudo rubra,

Reddish-leaved, 10 feet.

31. Acer opulifolium,

Guelder rose-leaved, 12 feet.

32. Acer rubrum,

Scarlet, 50 feet,

33. Acer campestre,

Common English, 15 ft.

34. Acer campestre Aus-triacum,

Austrian, 20 feet.

35. Negundo fraxinifo-lium.

Ash-leaved Negundo, 30 feet.


36. iEsculus hippocasta-num,

Common horse-chestnut, 25 feet.

37. AEsculus hippocasta-num florepleno,

Double-flowered, 25 feet.

38. AEsculus hippocasta-num Memmingeri,

Memmingeris, 12 feet.

39. AEsculus hippocasta-num maculata,

Spotted-flowered, 12 ft.

40. AEsculus hippocasta-num hybrida,

Hybrid, 12 feet.

41. AEsculus rubicunda,

Red-flowered, 20 feet.

42. AEsculus rubicunda variegata,

Variegated-leaved, 15 ft.

43. AEsculus rubicunda laciniata,

Cut-leaved, 10 feet.

44. AEsculus Ohioensis

Buckeye, 20 feet.

45. AEsculus flava,

Yellow-flowered, 20 feet.

46. AEsculus flava Whit-tleyi,

Scarlet-flowered, 16 feet.


47. Kolreuteria panicu-lata,

Panicled-flowering Kolreuteria, 15 feet.


48. Ptelea trifoliata,

Shrubby Trefoil tree, 12 feet.

49. Ptelea trifoliata variegata,

Variegated-leaved, 8 ft.


50. Ilex opaca,

American Holly, 18 feet.


51. Rhamnus catharti-cus,

Buckthorn, 12 feet.


52. Rhus typhina,

Sumach, 15 feet.

53. Rhus Cotinus,

Smoke tree, 10 feet.


54. Virgilia lutea,

Yellow wood, 25 feet.

55. Cytisus Laburnum,

Scotch laburnum, 15 ft.

56. Cytisus Laburnum Watereri,

Waterer's, 15 feet.

57. Cytisus Laburnum pendula,

Pendulous, 18 feet.

58. Robinia pseud-acacia,

Locust, 15 feet.

59. Carragana arbores-cens,

Siberian Pea tree, 15 ft.

60. Gleditschia triacan-thos,

Three thorned acacia, 15 feet.

61. Gymnocladus Canadensis,

Kentucky Coffee tree. 30 feet.


62. Cerasus vulgaris,

Cherry tree, 25 feet.

63. Cerasus vulgaris, flore pleno,

Double flowering, 30 ft.

64. Cerasus avum flore pleno,


New double flowering, 16 feet.

65. Cerasus semper-flor-ens,

Ever-flowering, 18 feet.

66. Crataegus oxyacan-tha,

English Hawthorn, 15 ft.

67. Crataegus oxyacan tha punicea,

Scarlet flowering, 15 feet.

68. Crataegus oxyacantha punicea flore pleno,

Double pink, 20 feet,

69. Crataegus oxyacantha punicea, Paul's new.

New double scarlet, 6 ft.

70. Crataegus oxyacantha flore pleno alba,

Double white, 15 feet.

71. Crataegus oxyacantha pendula,

Weeping, 15 feet,

72. Crataegus oxyacantha stricta,

Erect growing 15 feet.

73. Crataegus punctata,

Dotted fruited, 15 feet.

74. Crataegus cms galli,

Comuni thorn, 12 feet.

75. Crataegus coccinea,

Scarlet. 10 feet.

76. Crataegus cordata,

Washington thorn, 15 ft.

77. Cotoneaster frigida,

White-flowered, 18 feet.

78. Amelanchier botry-apium,

Snowy amelanchier, 10 feet.

79. Pyrus communis (?) pendula,

Weeping pear, 12 feet.

80. Pyrus spectabilis,

Double-flowering apple, 20 feet.

81. Pyrus coronaria,

Garland flowered, 8 feet.

82. Pyrus Aria,

White beam tree, 25 feet.

83. Pyrus aucuparia,

Mountain ash, 15 feet.

84. Pyrus aucuparia pendula,

Weeping, 10 feet.


85. Cornus Florida,

Florida dogwood, 14 ft.

86. Cornus alternifolius,

Alternate-leaved, 10 ft.


87. Halesia tetraptera,

Snow-drop tree, 20 feet.

88. Halesia diptera,

Two-winged, 10 feet.


89. Chionanthus Virgin-icus,

Fringe tree, 15 feet.

90. Fraxinus excelsior,

English ash, 25 feet.

91. Fraxinus excelsior pendula,

Weeping, 25 feet.

92. Fraxinus excelsior crispa,

Curled-leaved, 10 feet.

93. Fraxinus Americana,

American ash, 30 feet.

93 1/2. Fraxinus Americana aucubaefolia,

Gold spotted-leaved, 15 feet.


94. Laurus sassafras,

Sassafras tree, 18 feet.


95. Nyssa biflora,

Tupelo tree, 25 feet.

96. Nyssa villosa,

Hairy-leaved 15 feet.


97. Elaeagnus argentea,

Wild olive tree, 18 feet.


98. Ulmus campestris,

English elm, 20 feet.

99. Ulmus campestris comubiensis,

Cornish elm, 10 feet.

100. Ulmus campestris viminalis,

Twiggy elm, 40 feet.

101. Ulmus campestris pendula,

Scampston weeping, 40 feet.

102. Ulmus suberosa var.,

Huntington elm, 40 feet.

103. Ulmus suberosa pendula,

Weeping, 20 feet.

104. Ulmus effusa,

Spreading-branched, 25 feet.

105. Ulmus montana,

Scotch elm, 40 feet.

106. Ulmus montana purpurea,

Purple-leaved, 40 feet.

107. Ulmus montana superba,

Superb-leaved, 20 feet.

108. Ulmus montana crispa,

Curled-leaved, 12 feet.

109. Ulmus montana pendula,

Weeping, 35 feet.

110. Ulmus montana pendula,

Camperdown weeping, 12 feet.

111. Ulmus montana laciniata,

Cut-leaved, 10 feet.

112. Ulmus Americana,

American elm, 60 feet.

113. Ulmus Americana horizontalis,

Spreading-branched, 18 feet.

114. Celtis occidentalis,

American nettle tree, 20 feet.

115. Celtis Australis,

European nettle tree, 20 feet.


116. Juglans regia,

English walnut, 10 feet.

117. Juglans nigra,

Black-wooded, 18 feet.

118. Juglans cinerea,

Butternut, 25 feet.

119. Carya alba,

Shell-bark hickory, 20 ft.

120. Carya porcina,

Pig-nut, 18 feet.


121. Salix Babylonica,

Weeping willow, 15 feet.

122. Salix rosmarini folia,

Rosemary-leaved, 12 ft.

123. Salix lucida,

Shining-leaved, 10 feet.

124. Salix alba,

Common white, 15 feet.

125. Salix vitellina,

Yellow willow, 15 feet.

126. Salix tricolor,

Variegated, 10 feet.

127. Salix Americana pendula,

American weeping, 10 ft.

128. Salix caprea pendula,

Kilmarnock, 10 feet.

129. Populus alba,

Silver-leaved abele, 50 ft.

130. Populus tremula,

Aspen, 18 feet.

131. Populus tremula pendula,

Weeping, 16 feet.

132. Populus monilifera,

Black Italian, 25 feet.

133. Populus canescens,

White, 25 feet.

134. Populus balsami-fera,

Balm of Gilead, 45 feet.

134. (bis) Populus Hoveyi,

'Hovey's blue poplar, 40 feet.


135. Alnus glutinosa,

English alder, 25 feet.

135. (bis) Betula nigra,

Black birch, 20 feet.

136. Betula alba,

White birch, 20 feet.

137. Betula, papyracea,

Canoe birch, 40 feet.

138. Betula lenta,

Pliant birch, 30 feet.

138. (bis) Betula Hoveyi,

Large-leaved, 20 feet.


139. Quercus pedunci lata,

English oak, 40 feet.

140. Quercus pedunci lata heterophylla,

Cut-leaved, 50 feet.

141. Quercus pedunci lata fastigiata,

Pyramidal, 30 feet.

142. Quercus pedunci lata fastigiata viridis

Green pyramidal, 30 ft.

143. Quercus cerris per dula,

Weeping Turkey, 20 ft.

144. Quercus alba,

White American, 40 ft.

145. Quercus alba Hoveyi,

Hovey's bronze oak, 15 feet.

146. Quercus macroca] pa,

Over cup white, 15 feet.

147. Quercus obtusiloba

Post oak, 30 feet.

148. Quercus lyrata,

Lyrate oak, 15 feet.

149. Quercus rubra,

Red oak, 18 feet.

150. Quercus coccinea,

Scarlet oak, 30 feet.

151. Quercus macro pbylla,

Large-leaved, 18 feet.

152. Quercus palustris,

Swamp white, 20 feet.

153. Fagus sylvatica,

English beech, 25 feet.

154. Fagus sylvatica pur purea,

Purple, 25 feet.

155. Fagus sylvatica cu prea,

Copper, 26 feet.

156. Fagus sylvatica he terophylla,

Cut-leaved, 20 feet.

157. Fagus sylvatica pen dula,

Milton weeping, 40 feet.

158. Fagus sylvatica pen dula,

Fountain weeping, 25 ft.

159. Fagus Americana,

American beech, 25 ft.

160. Fagus Americans latifolia,


Broad-leaved, 20 feet.

161. Castanea Americana,

American chestnut, 30 ft.

162. Ostrya vulgaris,

Hop hornbeam, 25 feet.

162. (bis) Ostrya'Virgin-ica,

Virginian hop hornbeam, 20 feet.

163. Carpinus Betulus,

Common hornbeam, 15 feet.

164. Carpinus Betulus pendula,

Weeping, 20 feet.

165. Carpinus Betulus variegata,

Variegated-leaved, 10 ft.

166. Carpinus Americana,

American, 20 feet.


167. Liquidambar styra-ciflua,

Sweet gum, 18 feet.


168. Salisburia adianti-folia,

Ginkgo tree, 20 feet.


169. Larix Europsea,

Scotch Larch, 30 feet.

170. Larix Americana,

American, 25 feet.

171. Larix Kaempferi,

Japan, 12 feet.

172. Taxodium distichurn,

Deciduous cypress, 20 ft.

Of the above list the following are very splendid specimens, some of them as broad as they are high, and branched to the ground, viz.:

Cut-leaved Beech, twenty feet broad; Purple Elm, twenty-five feet broad; Pyramidal Oak, so broad and dense at the base as to hide the stem - a superb tree; Eagle's Claw Maple, very distinct; Quercus macrophylla, leaves ten inches long; Tupelo Tree (from seed); variegated Tulip Tree, clothed to the ground with bright, golden-blotched leaves; Quercus laciniata, spreading fifty feet; Ulmus viminalis, very distinct; Double Horse-chestnut, thirty feet, and branched to the ground; AEsculus rubicunda, v. variegataflora and Whitleyi, covered this year with thousands of their showy blossoms; Scamps-ten Weeping Elm, fifty feet high and forty broad; Weeping Beech, fifty feet broad, every limb dropping at a right angle, and touching the ground; Weeping Beech, the Milton variety, not so novel and beautiful a variety, but gracefully drooping; White Beam tree, a broad cone of silvery foliage; Kentucky Coffee tree, twenty feet broad, a mass of glaucous pinnate leaves.

As new and somewhat remarkable trees, not bo large, because new, are the Magnolia acuminata Hoveyi aurea, with leaves as brilliantly golden as Sanchezia; a Bronze-leaved oak, the young leaves as bronzy crimson as some of the new Japan maples; a new poplar, with large leaves of a dark blue-green, with pinkish nerves; a Sycamore Maple, with no petioles, and the leaves tinged with red on the under side; an elm of the habit of a rock maple, and a birch with very large leaves, seven inches long, precisely like the beech; all seedlings selected from time to time. Also AEsculus Memmingeri, from Belgium, the leaves of which have the appearance of being covered with a silvery dust; and Ptelea trifoliata variegata, with very bright golden variegated foliage. Also, Shellbark hickory, a seedling raised by the late Mr. Dana (the raiser of the Hovey pear), from some of the largest and finest nuts he could get. The leaves are of immense size - a magnificent specimen.

To the lover of beautiful trees, these specimens offer an agreeable and interesting study, and give a good idea of their relative beauty for parks or ornamental grounds. We hope to preserve most of them as long as possible; but in the neighborhood of large cities this is no easy task, and in turn, no doubt - some of them at least - will fare no better than hundreds of others, which have been sacrificed to make room for bricks and mortar.