This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V18", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
This kind of budding is now much practiced by rosarians. In all rose gardens where the amateur buds his own rosea there will be found many strong suckers rising from the roots of dead briars. On account of the severe frosts last winter, many fine, strong suckers may be found at the present time. Take a strong sucker, about 3 feet high, dress all the spines and side shoots off for about 2 feet from the ground, the young wood will be found in about the same state of greenness and ripeness as the side shoot of the briars which you are budding on the top part of the stock. Instead of waiting till next season, bud at once, just above one of the leaf rings, gun-barrel fashion - put the point of the knife in just above a bud, draw it upwards gently for about an inch in length. Here you have the incision which must receive the bud, at the top of which make your cross cut. Use good, strong, plump buds, which can always be obtained in abundance during August, which is the best time for gun-barrel budding. About two eyes above or below you may insert another bud. There is such an immense flow of sap in these shoots from the root that, when tying up the bud, the sap flows out and runs down the stem. The briar and the bud are thus both of one age, and may be said to begin the world together.
The junction is rapid and complete. All below the inserted buds must be cut away, but all growth above must be suffered to remain until about the middle of November. The reader will naturally ask, "How do you get this sucker up when the head is formed? How do you separate it from the parent stock?" I let it grow for two seasons, after which a good head is formed, and the sucker has become as thick as the thumb. In November, grub up the whole of the old root, and separate the stem from it; it is generally full of fibres, and may be removed to its proper quarters with safety. On this plan, instead of suckers being a nuisance, they may be turned to good account, and your roses multiplied into dwarfs and standards at pleasure. I generally bud these suckers last, and they have often been of the greatest service to me, when a friend has sent me some buds of very choice new sorts late in the season; all my briars having been worked, I should have had no stocks to bud them into, had I not preserved these suckers.
Gentlemen occupying land can bud into the suckers arising from old roots growing in the hedgerows; but, before inserting the buds, the sucker must be carefully examined at its base, in order to see whether it can be taken up when the head is formed, and removed to the rose garden.- Garden.