This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V18", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
Everyone knows that whenever Indian corn is fertilized by strange pollen there is an immediate result on the grain of corn, but it has been contended that this is not a fruit, as pomologists understand it. Some think there is an immediate effect on melons and squashes, but just how much of the change seen is due to a natural tendency to vary and how much to fertilization is not quite clear. The following is a contribution to this subject, from the pen of Prof. C. E. Bessey, as we believe:
"C. W. Garfield, foreman of the Michigan Agricultural College Gardens, reports as follows: We made ten crosses, employing ten specimens in each cross - one hundred in all. Perfected fruit was obtained in all but three instances. In only three did we observe any variation in the specimens, save that which would come as an effect of the gauze employed to prevent the ravages of the codling moth. These cases were: 1st. Wagener upon Tallman Sweet. There was a modification of flavor quite noticeable, the fruit being sub-acid. 2nd. Tallman Sweet upon As-trachan. In this instance there was a manifest change in color, flavor and shape. The apples were quite mild to the taste; the color was very much modified, and the form was that of a flat apple. 3d. Tallman Sweet upon Wagener. The modification here was noticeable in all the specimens, in flavor and color. Two of these had no gauze on them, and the difference was quite as noticeable in these samples as in the remainder.