This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V18", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
On the sample tables were fruits as follows:
C. Downing, Dr. Hexamar's seedling, Mountain Beauty a promising plant of the Potomac region; seedling Eliza Fillmore, Monarch of the West, Star of the West, Boyden's 30, Triumph de Gand, Wilson, Agriculturist, Champion, Jucunda, Napoleon III., President Wilder and Col. Cheeney.
E. Richmond, Empress Eugenie, Black Eagle, White Heart and Belle de Choisy.
Tukesbury Blush, well preserved specimens from last season's fruitage.
The tables were ornamented with a rich and extensive show of roses, peonies and penstemons.
E. Beatrice, Louise, Rivers and Hale's. The two first-named were well nigh out of season, as they had been put into the market some two weeks previous (the last of June). The Hales were not matured.
Astrachan, Harvest, Rose, June, Strawberry, Hagloe, Edward, Summer Pearmain, etc.
D. d'Ete, B. Gifford and Honenschenk, all of which lacked a few days of maturity.
Prof. Howland exhibited and explained a working model of "The Regulator" wind-mill, one of which he had recently erected on his farm at an expense of $250. He considered it the ne plus ultra of wind engines, it being automatic, so that the harder the wind blows the more it don't go. Manufactured at Marshall, Mich.
Prof. Brainard, of the Patent Office, read an interesting paper on "The Food and Diet of Plants."
The key-note is in the concluding paragraphs, as follows: The sources of plant food may be gathered from some analyses and contrasts. Plants feed on carbonic acid, animals give it off. Plants give off oxygen, animals consume it. Plants decompose carbonic acid, water, ammonia, etc., animals produce them. Plants produce nitrogenized compounds - albumen gluten, casine, etc., animals live upon them. Plants also produce non-nitrogenized compounds - starch, sugar, green oil and acids, animals consume these. Plants endow mineral matter with properties of life, animals deprive them of these properties. Plants impart to chemical atoms the power to nourish animals, these reduce organic matter to a condition suited for the support of plants. Plants convert simple into complex forms, animals convert complex into simple. The plant is an apparatus for deoxidation; the animal an instrument of oxidation. The plant is a mechanism of construction, the animal a mechanism of reduction. The plant absorbs heat and electricity, the animal produces them.
From these observations we infer that animal excretions, especially urine, afford most valuable and appropriate food for plants. And our cities are impoverishing the country by emptying their sewers into the rivers. The time will come when this wanton waste will be stopped, and the wasted matters will be utilized.
A convenient method of saving this liquid manure is to collect it in a cask and deoderize with dry earth or coal ashes.
A recent number of the Scientific 'American states that two ounces of kerosene oil and six gallons of water make an excellent fertilizer, as also an antidote to the ravages of insects. It is to be applied with a watering pot between the rows of plants and round the trees.