This section is from the book "The Gardener's Monthly And Horticulturist V18", by Thomas Meehan. See also: Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long.
"A. Pose" says: " Please inform me what mode of treatment would be best to adopt with spring primings of roses, in order to make themstrike. They are tied in bunches, labelled, and buried in damp sand. I beg you not to advise me that the Fall is the best time to propagate roses from cuttings. I have noticed this question asked frequently, but the answer is never satisfactory. I can and do grow roses from cuttings wintered over in a cold frame, but cannot succeed with spring cuttings. It seems a pity that so much wood should be wasted, and I think there must be some plan to utilize it. (1.) Can roses be successfully grafted on pieces of the root of other roses (like apples are grafted)? If so, please detail the process. (2.) Can Spring budding of roses be successfully performed, and if so, is it to be done when the buds of the stock are pushing, or earlier? (3.) I don't find satisfactory information on these points in any of the authorities on roses (Parsons, Parkman, etc, &c), and am therefore impelled to ask you to enlighten my ignorance."
[1. Old wood, if taken off in the Fall, kept in moss in a place cool enough not to encourage mould, and planted out in a place that is partially shaded, and will keep just damp without watering, will root very well. Cuttings taken off in Spring will not root.
2. Roses can be and are grafted in Winter on pieces of roots, as apples are. The Prairie roses make good roots for this purpose. Manetti roses are also used, but it is objectionable through its suckering propensities. Splice or whip grafting is employed. It is immaterial what plan, so that the edges of the bark of scion and root meet, at least on one side.
3. Good sound wood, kept over winter, buds easily on healthy stocks. The buds are to be put in as soon as the bark runs in Spring. - Ed. G. M.]